What is Doping?

Doping is defined as the use of drugs that
are banned to take by the athletes in their competitive sports as these drugs
increase an athletic performance in an event as compared to other athletes they
are competing with.

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The physical methods of doping include blood
doping and gene doping.

Doping Substances:

Below are listed some of the substances that
are used as doping:

1.      
Stimulants

e.g: cocaine, ephedrine, adrafinil, amphetamines

2.      
Anabolic
steroids

e.g: drostanolone, methenolone, oxandrolone

3.      
Peptide
hormones

e.g: insulin, erythropoietin, human growth hormone}

4.      
Beta2-
Agonist

e.g: acebutolol, betaxolol, carteolol

5.      
Narcotics

e.g: morphine, heroine, pethidine

6.      
Diuretics

e.g: dextran, amiloride, canrenone

7.      
Glucocorticosteroids

8.      
Cannabinoids

e.g: hashish, marijuana

 

Famous dope cases in Pakistan:

The three most notorious dope cases of
athletes in the history of Pakistan are:

I.           
Shoaib Akhter born on 13th
August 1975 was an earlier Pakistani cricketer who gave his 14 years in
cricket. He was the fastest bowler in cricket and nicknamed as ”RAWALPINDI
EXPRESS”. In 2006 Champions Trophy he was involved in a drug scandal and
tested positive for the drug. He was banned from cricket for two years as he
was found guilty for using banned anabolic steroid nandrolone- a performance
enhancing substance.

II.           
Mehrullah Lassi born on 24th
November, 1979 was an amateur boxer of Pakistan and was best known to win gold
medal at 2002 Asian Games in feather weight division and at Commonwealth Games
he won a silver medal. In 2008 Beijing Olympics he was unable to take part as
he was banned for life by the Pakistan Boxing Federation (PBF). He was tested
positive for using banned cannabis. Mehullah Lassi refused to accept blame and
said that the drug was in insignificant quantity used.