A Research Paper about Roman and Greek Arts Essay


            Throughout studying history of the Arts and Culture, there is a vast thing which Roman and Greek Arts could be compared and contrast with.  These similarities reflect the cultural involvement and the custom by which artists take their inspiration in creating arts in accordance to each genre.  Other things reflected in arts are the moral conduct and political philosophies of the cultural values existed in the Ancient society.

The connotation on which among the two Ancient Arts comes first and who copied who remains debatable.  When Greek Art is marked as the first one to emerge, the Roman Art remains on its shadow having the label as the more highly recreation of Greek art and aesthetic style.  A thorough investigation for further understanding on this subject matter is therefore recommended.

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Similarities between Roman and Greek Arts

            Different kind of visual Arts such as architecture, sculpture, landscaped paintings, portrait paintings, genre paintings, gem and jewelry engraving, ivory carvings, as well as mosaic work such as pottery, book and figurine glass designing and even metal craft of coin dying and minting are the genre labeled in the Roman Arts.  These arts exist in Roman Empire, evolve from generations to generations and form the modern artwork.

            Greek Arts on the other hand are only transcended in four art forms such as sculpture, painting, architecture and pottery painting.  Doing arts in Greece is believably existed as early as Pre-historic period according to previous studies of artifacts and old culture including ancient arts.

            Historically, it is the Romans who conquered the land of Greeks.  However, the development of Greek Arts from ancient time has evidences that it reached and infiltrates the Roman Empire during 8th century B. C. from which art modification emerged.  Copying Greek Art in this era, especially in sculpture, creates a normal scenario.  Roman Art is then categorized as it is although the major part of it is thru imitating the existing artwork of Greeks.  Hence, the similarity of the two can be obviously observed.

            Some similarities of Roman and Greek Arts are mostly manifested in sculpture.  Having such methods are both uses a free-standing sculpture and sculpture of a head and shoulder bust.  Additionally, using the extensive combination of pale and bright colors and the mathematically précised figures in their craft can be also noted alike.

Roman Art done with Greek Aesthetic

The meticulous side of the Romans and the simplicity of Greeks form the much more appealing artworks when combined.  Romans being so materialistically inclined prefer beautification of their houses thru arts and decorative things, and themselves thru jewelries and sophisticated accessories while the Greek people, being known for practicality and prioritizing beautification of common public areas like plazas, churches, arenas and halls.

As such, the Roman Art that has done with Greek Aesthetics makes a mixture of equally perfect perspectives.  Some artworks done here are the Pantheon, the Arch of Constantine and the Roman Colosseum or Flavian Amphitheatre where the three Greek architectural designs of Doric, Ionic, and Corinthians are integrated altogether.

Differences between Greek and Roman Arts

            The gaps between Greek and Roman arts are hardly identified because so much method and techniques as well as the manner by which their artists are acknowledged derive from each other.  However, there are still notable differences when paying close attention to this.  For instance, Romans consider to have somebody’s face in good portrayal and passionate to have significant people as model of their crafts.  Greeks focus on merely expressing the norm and custom of their society thru their artwork.  Included in this expressionism are various emotions and their depiction of reality.

The idealism by which Roman Art is seen is totally different from the realism of Greek Art.  Furthermore, it is mostly the beauty of the world and people’s lives that Roman Art wants to give emphasize while the Greeks has the idea of illustrating actual representation of life and people.


            It is best important to analyze specific artwork from each era to locate and realize the similarities and differences of Greek and Roman Art due to its broad context.  Believing that Greek Art comes out ahead of Roman Art, the modification and re-institution of Greek Art thru Roman artwork would never made possible if the latter hesitantly convey Greek-like concepts.  Hence, it is but a factual justification that the existence of Roman Art or Greek Art remains to be a better portrayal of each of them as one owes part of it from the other.


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Kleiner, Diana. E. Roman Sculpture. Connecticut: Yale University Press, 1994.

“Roman Art.” Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. 6 May 2009.


“Works of Art: Greek and Roman Art.” The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 6 May 2009.