A to Conceptual development, ecosystem services and

A
Systematic Approach to Incorporating Multiple Ecosystem Services in Landscape
Planning and Design

Patrick Mooney University of British Columbia-Vancouver

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

Article in Landscape Journal February2015

Purpose of this article is introduce the Ecosystem Services Evaluation Matrix
as a tool for a systematic accretion of multiple ecosystem services into
sustainable landscape planning and design. This article is a kind of
methodology of approach to Conceptual development, ecosystem services and
landscape design, planning, and management. The approach aims are use of a kit
of evaluative tools to assess diverse ecosystem services created through
landscape planning and design.

planning is de?ned as a “way to process of choice based on information
about society and land. for the achieve to sustainable use of natural and
cultural resources, Substantive theories can bring information   from
social and natural science research for planners about relationships between
cultural and natural processes.

There were three planning methodology: landscape ecological
planning, Steiner’s ecological planning model, and Steinitz’s method for
landscape planning this three methods knowledge derived from the humanities and
natural and social science research for planners and it could be Matrix
criteria.

Evaluation Matrix works as a developer in Ecosystem Services and
shows information to planners and designers that should attend in speci?c
settings and with a speci?c set of design program objectives. It most pays
attention to capacity and respond to the social and institutional environment.

The author recognized
that the difficulties inherent in incorporating ecosystem services into
landscape planning and design could be overcome by itemizing the range of
services that might be incorporated into existing planning and design processes
and they can do this with this methodology and matrix and also this kind of
point of view involves stakeholders who contribute substantive expert and For each
criterion give a number and it is assigned based on it designer can recommend
and design the sites and also The categories and types of ecosystem services in
the evaluation matrix re?ect an application at the site scale. For example,
existing ecosystem services typologies list climate regulation and modi?cation
of extreme weather events as ecosystem services. That planner should pay
attention to this categories. These and other research reports helped de?ne the
cultural services included in the evaluation matrix.

In my opinion Assessing landscape connectivity is important to
understand the ecology of landscapes and to evaluate alternative conservation
strategies and In order to be useful for conservationists and land use
planners, assessments and evaluation need to identify the ecological facts and
human needs and social issues. Therefor this kind of methodology can help
planners and designers to improve their knowledge and help them how to design
according to the factors.

New aspects for me as the first time reader of the article is numerous
commonalities in method and intent among the Ecosystems Approach, the Ecosystem
Services Approach, and Ahern’s framework of sustainable landscape planning. methods
focus on sustainability and The insertion of ecosystem services into landscape
planning and design represents an innovation in the type of substantive
knowledge considered in developing designed landscapes.

The main message of the article is the Ecosystem Services Evaluation Matrix can use to
identify and communicate ecosystem services in a public participatory process
and to nominate ecosystem services within the design process to maximize
landscape performance and Such a process can also be used to communicate a defensible,
evidence-based design process to stakeholders, including politicians and the
public.