After dictatorship and a Fascist state had

After Mussolini became prime minister in 1922, he had to begin maintaining his power if he wished to make Italy the fascist state that he wanted it to become. Mussolini believed that the power of the Prime Minister was not enough to solve Italy’s problems soon, and he also strived to remove any opposition from preventing him to do so. Therefore, Mussolini was proven to be successful in consolidating control and power in the years between 1922 and 1926 by using different methods to maintain them.In October 1922, after the March on Rome, Mussolini was appointed as Prime Minister. He proceeded to create a coalition cabinet in which only four out of 12 ministers were fascists. The threat of communists which Mussolini used in order to take advantage of king Victor Emmanuel, put him in a difficult position to choose between Fascists and communists. After the King had no option other than to appoint him, the parliament passed the vote of confidence which granted Mussolini with emergency powers for one year. Along with the King giving him a dictatorial power to restore order and control the socialists, the beginning of Mussolini’s rise to dictatorship and a Fascist state had begun. To maintain his power, Mussolini created a Fascist Grand Council, an institution which held and applied great power to control the institutions of the government and it also had the power to appoint party deputies, decide the heir of the throne, etc. The next step in 1923 to secure his power was to create a new militia, the National State Voluntary Militia. This militia was paid by the state and recruited from the fascist squads. Any signs of opposition could be quickly dealt with by being suppressed. Moreover, in July 1923, after Mussolini had realized that his position was still weak since the King could dismiss him at any time, he found a solution called the Acerbo Law. In the presence of the Black-shirts, a fascist paramilitary group which caused fear and terror among the deputies, the parliament was required to vote for proportional representation bill, the Acerbo Law, which meant that any party that got the more than 25% of the votes in a general election would be given 2/3 of the seats in parliament. As most deputies still feared the Left, Mussolini still had their support. In the next election, he received 66% of the popular vote; this was an important increase from the previous numbers of fascists voted for in the parliament and it gave Mussolini the support he needed in order to become a dictator.The Matteoti crisis was a key factor in Mussolini’s consolidation of control that would determine the fate of his dictatorship. During this crisis, the opposing deputies decided to take a stand against Mussolini by walking out of parliament, a move called the Aventine secession. Instead of Mussolini losing support, this left him in the parliament without any opposition and no one to confront him. His success at confronting the Matteoti murder was also largely due to his speech to parliament in 1925, six months after the event. In his speech, Mussolini took responsibility but was careful not to admit to the murder of Matteoti, resulting to no uprising from the opposition. Mussolini continued by saying that he would begin a dictatorship. This was the final consolidation of power, as Mussolini was not met with any opposition, but rather support. He had ridden out the crisis with more support and went on to establish the dictatorship by ordering powers so he could pass different laws by decree. Overall, it is clear that Mussolini was successful in consolidating his power in the years between 1922 and 1926. His first few years in power had many problems, but despite all these he managed to achieve more successes than failures. He controlled the parliament, strengthened his party and gained lots of support. All these, combined with Mussolini’s personal skills as a politician, allowed him to consolidate power in the years of his ruling.