Big Five Personality Traits and Age Essay

The purpose of the present survey was to look into the comparing between the large five personality traits and males and females between 15 to 30 old ages and 50 old ages and over. 26 females and 26 males completed a Big 5 Personality Test online. utilizing the cyberspace. The hypothesis that. males and females. between the ages of 15 to 30 old ages. would hit higher in Openness to see and Extraversion than males and females who are 50 old ages and over. was supported.

It was concluded that Openness to see and Extraversion were higher in those who were between the ages of 15 to 30 old ages old than those who were 50 old ages and older. Based on these findings it could be generalised that people between the ages of 15 to 30 are more inventive. surpassing and energetic than those who are 50 old ages and older. whereas those who are 50 old ages and over are more organized. dependable. sort and modest.

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Introduction

Age-related differences in personality have captured the attending of many people. Personality can be defined as “an individual’s alone form of ideas. feelings and behavior that are comparatively stable over clip and across situations” . ( Grivas & A ; Carter. 2010 ) Costa and McCrae ( 1999 ) had developed a five-factor theoretical account to explicate the five large factors that make up a personality. the five factors are: Openness to Experience ( includes traits such as inventive. funny. artistic. excitable. insightful and unconventional ).

Conscientiousness ( includes traits such as organized. thorough. efficient. competent. dependable and self-restraining ) . Extraversion ( includes traits such as surpassing. sociable. chatty. energetic. self-asserting and adventuresome ) . Agreeableness ( includes traits such as concerted. conformity. sympathetic. sort. affectionate. forgiving and modest ) and Neuroticism ( includes traits such as tense. dying. Moody. cranky. unprompted. self-aware and exposure ) . Past research had been conducted to look into age differences in personality across the grownup life span in five different civilizations.

Costa and McCrae ( 1999 ) used samples from Germany. Italy. Portugal. Croatia. and Korea and found that Extraversion and Openness to see were lower in older participants than younger participants whereas Conscientiousness and Agreeableness showed the contrary form. Neurosis was found to be lower in older participants than younger participants in Germany. Portugal. and Korea whereas age differences were non noticeable in Italy and Croatia.

At nowadays. a comparing between the five factors and age has non been investigated in males and females between the age of 15 to 30 old ages and 50 old ages and over. The purpose of the present survey was to look into the comparing between the large five personality traits and males and females between 15 to 30 old ages and 50 old ages and over. It was hypothesised that males and females between the ages of 15 to 30 old ages would hit higher in Openness to see and Extraversion than males and females who are 50 old ages and over.

Method

Participants- The sample consisted of 52 participants ( 26 males and 26 females ) . Participants were put into 2 groups depending on age. 13 males and 13 females were between 15 and 30 old ages of age. and 13 males and 13 females were 50 old ages or over.

Participants provided written informed consent and were informed of their backdown rights and confidentiality of their personal inside informations. Participants were to finish a Big 5 Personality Test online which was accessed on the web site. Participants received a mark out of 100 for each of the traits. Data was collected. summarised and interpreted.

Figure 1: Average tonss on each of the five personality traits. As shown above. on mean participants between the age of 15 to 30 scored 58 on Openness to see and participants who are 50 old ages and over got a mark of 30. Participants who are between 15 to 30 old ages of age scored 50 on Conscientiousness whereas participants who are 50 old ages and over got a average mark of 75.

Participants 15 to 30 old ages scored 66 on Extraversion and participants 50 old ages and older got a mark of 35. Participants 50 old ages and over got a average mark of 60 on Agreeableness whereas participants who are 15 to 30 old ages got a mark of 45. Participants who are 15 to 30 old ages of age got a average mark of 53 in Neuroticism and participants 50 old ages and older got a average mark of 45.

Discussion

The hypothesis that. males and females. between the ages of 15 to 30 old ages. would hit higher in Openness to see and Extraversion than males and females who are 50 old ages and over. was supported. These findings show that the younger age group ( 15-30 old ages ) scored higher in Openness to see and Extraversion whereas the older age group ( 50+ old ages ) scored higher in Conscientiousness and Agreeableness.

The group dwelling of 15 to 30 twelvemonth old participants scored higher in Neuroticism but had close average tonss to those in the 50 old ages and over group. The consequences were similar to the grounds found by Donnellan and Lucas ( 2007 ) that “Extraversion and Openness to see are negatively associated with age whereas Agreeableness is positively associated with age. “ Future research should concentrate on researching the five-factor theoretical account in different age groups with changing cultural backgrounds.

The present survey has a figure of restrictions ; a restriction could be that the on-line trial may non be valid so it does non accurately entree personality. It is unsure whether an equal sample size was obtained. In add-on. possible immaterial variables may hold besides played a function. including the participant’s temper at the current clip of finishing the on-line trial and personal features such as their motive to finish the on-line personality trial. These immaterial variables should be minimised or controlled for in future surveies concentrating on the five factors of a personality.

In decision the present survey found that Openness to see and Extraversion were higher in those who were between the ages of 15 to 30 old ages old than those who were 50 old ages and older. Based on these findings it could be generalised that people between the ages of 15 to 30 are more inventive. funny. surpassing. excitable and energetic than those who are 50 old ages and older. whereas those who are 50 old ages and over are more organized. dependable. sort. affectionate and modest. However. the findings of the present survey should be considered with cautiousness. given the figure of restrictions discussed above.