Definition of the problem
The problem that my research article (Childhood Obesity and Schools: Evidence From the National Survey of Children’s Health) was conducted to identify the effects of the National School Lunch Program / School Breakfast Program on Childhood Obesity. It is important for health care administrators to study childhood obesity because of the overall impact it has on not only the overall health of the children but also has effects on health insurance and other areas associated with health care coverage as well as long term medical issues.
The purpose of the article “Childhood Obesity and Schools: Evidence From the National Survey of Children’s Health is to explore the relationship between childhood obesity and school type, National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program eligibility, membership in sports clubs and other sociodemographics, and household factors” (Li & Hooker, 2010).
The question which the research sets out to answer is known as a research question. The research question sets the foundation for which the research is about. The research question for the article “Childhood Obesity and Schools: Evidence From the National Survey of Children’s Health” is “Are the children eligible for the National School Lunch Program/ School Breakfast Programs at a higher risk for childhood obesity than others?”
Hypothesis or hypotheses
A hypothesis is “a proposition, or set of propositions, set forth as an explanation for the occurrence of some specified group of phenomena, either asserted merely as a provisional conjecture to guide investigation (working hypothesis) or accepted as highly probable in the light of established facts” (Dictionary.com). The hypothesis for this article would be that children on the National School Lunch Program/ School Breakfast Program are at higher risk for childhood obesity than children who are not.
Dependent variables, in an experiment, are “the event studied and expected to change when the independent variable is changed” (Dictionary.com). Independent variables, in an experiment, are “a variable that is intentionally changed to observe its effect on the dependent variable.” The dependent variable in this article is body mass index, and the independent variable is the children’s BMI that are on the National School Lunch Program/ Breakfast Programs, if the child is in public or private school, and involved in any sports.
Conceptual model or theoretical framework
Theoretical framework is the theory’s and thoughts of possible outcomes for the research being done when grouped together they frame the subject matter. This articles theoretical framework is the theory that childhood obesity is related to the school type, eligibility of school food programs, a child being involved in sports, sociodemographic factors as well as household factors.
Review of related literature
Literature review is important in the research process because it is a careful exploration of the literature pointing toward the answer to the research question at hand. The literature review for “Childhood Obesity and Schools: Evidence from the National Survey of Children’s Health” is “the increasing attention that the international prevalence of childhood obesity and obesity-related diseases has received” (Li & Hooker, 2010).
The different types of study designs in research are exploratory, descriptive, experimental, evaluative. This study article uses all four of the study designs (exploratory, descriptive, experimental, and evaluative). “A total of 62,880 observations of children from different households were explored. The children were selected based on a random selection process. The study was from data collected from the CDC from 2003 and 2004 (Li & Hooker, 2010).”