Comprising almost the entire southern half of South America, Argentina is the world’s eighth largest country, covering an area of 2.8 million square km. Argentina possesses some of the world’s tallest mountains, expansive deserts, and impressive waterfalls, with the diversity of the land ranging from wild, remote areas in southern Patagonia to the bustling metropolis of Buenos Aires in the north. First explored in 1516 by Juan Diaz de Solis, Argentina developed slowly under Spanish colonial rule. Buenos Aires was settled in 1580; the cattle industry was thriving as early as 1600. This report is a terminal evaluation of a UNEP GEF project implemented between 2009 and 2012. The report was a research project, partially supported by the GEF and implemented by the UNEP in partnership with FAO and UNIDOIn most of Argentina, the warming since 1901 was a little lower than the global average, although with strong trends in temperature extremes and in heat waves during the most recent decades. There was a remarkable increase in precipitation over most of subtropical Argentina, especially since 1960. The project has completed the first phase of this project and produced reports available on this website and in the book which is also available through a free download on this website on 17 countries which are Australia, Bolivia, Canada, China, Fiji, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Mauritius, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Russia, South Africa, South Korea, Thailand, Uganda, and the United States of America. They expect existing researchers to complete the second round of reports on these 17 countries. The questions asked in the first phase of the project have been amended based upon their experience with the first phase to make it clearer what the questions mean and to avoid unnecessary long speculation when information sought is not publicly available.Climate change is a civilization challenging ethics and justice problem and this fact is enormous significance for policy. We are in danger of destroying ourselves by our greed and stupidity. We cannot remain looking inwards at ourselves on a small and increasingly polluted and overcrowded planet.As a State Party to the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, since last April, Argentina is preparing for the next COP22, to be held in Marrakesh, Morocco, increasing its national contribution and promoting the prompt entry into force of the Agreement.Climate Change is one of the major challenges faced by mankind. This is the reason why on April 22th Argentina signed the Paris Agreement on Climate Change at the United Nations Framework Convention after having actively participated in the negotiation process. The Paris Agreement makes it possible for each country to define its contribution at the national level and establishes a difference between developed and developing countries.