Dusun Lotud Essay

Sabah Land Below The Wind, beautiful and amazing world which is a peaceful and harmony place. The Kadazandusun people groups are the largest indigenous grouping in Sabah. The Malaysia 2000 census placed their number at 479,944 or about 18. 4% of the total state population. Although the census counts them as a single people group there are in fact more than twenty ethno linguistic people groups within the number above. The largest of these are the Central Dusun, Coastal Kadazan, Labuk-Kinabatangan Kadazan, Bundu Dusun, Rungus Dusun, Tambunan Dusun, Kimaragang and Tempasuk Dusun.

Although these various people groups are scattered across more than half of the state in the western, northern and central portions, most of them live in the interior, usually along one of the many rivers rather than in coastal areas. An exception are the Coastal Kadazan who live along the west coast in the Penampang and Papar Districts. The lotud are one of sub group Kadazandusun. The lotud , who live mainly at Tuaran district, are among a traditional rice produser of sabah, the popular dance of the lotud is the sumayau (also known mongigol tuaran).

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It is a ritual dance performance during magavau rituals. The female dancers will wearing the black traditional lotud costume called “sukup kopio” with 1 coin belts, red rattan belts ‘lilimbo’, gonob with linangkit and worn “lansung” at the leg with some cock feathers accesories at hair. The male dancers will wearing a sigar on their head. Sigar is is made of palm leaves and has gold leaf. Sigar edge decorated with rattan dyed red. This dance is usually performed during the ceremony ‘Rumaha’ (ritual worships skull), ‘Magahau’ (ritual worship of the spirit Tajau).

Sumayau presented more than eight couples who are dressed in black with long sleeves and a long scarf around the neck. The female dancers move their feet slowly, while a male dancer stands and shakes ‘sleigh’ or ang small bell attached to their clothing. The instrument that was used during the Sumayau dance is Kulingtangan. Kulingtangan is frequently included amongst coastal gong ensembles though it is also found amongst interior natives like the Labuk-Kinabatangan Kadazans and the Paitanic peoples (both from the eastern Sabah) who have come into contract with the coastal natives.

These idiophones produce predominantly ritual Music: The Tatana Dusun of Kuala Penyu (Southwestern Sabah) employ kulintangan music, and sumayau dancing, as well as unaccompanied by ritual chanting in Moginum rites to welcome the spirits. The Lotud-Dusun of Tuaran use gong ensembles in the slow sedate mongigol dance. In older times before gongs were traded into Sabah, the togunggak was used to accompany dancing and in procession. It was and still is made of bamboo, which flourishes in most parts of Sabah.

Bamboo is a great source of raw materials for Sabah’s musical instruments. The togunggak consists of a series of hollowed out bamboo tubes of varying sizes of the gongs. The music produced is a hollow and rhythmic tung, tung, tung sound of different pitches in each of the different sizes. The togunggak is played by a troupe of a dozen or so people in lieu of the gong ensemble. Last but not least, this Lotud’s traditional costume, dance and music instruments should have been