Epistemology Study Guide Essay

1. How can the senses deceive us?
a. Our senses are how we perceive the universe. Our eyes. nose. lingua. fingers. and ears feed natural information to our encephalon. which so turns it into information we can utilize. If we lose one of our senses. we lose that full set of natural informations. As such. we place unbelievable sums of trust on our senses. The lone manner our senses can lead on us is if they give us the incorrect informations. which so becomes incorrect information. If life is an semblance. so our senses could be acquiring the information it’s acquiring from anyplace.

2. How widespread is this misrepresentation?
B. If our senses are lead oning us. so our full universes are false. Every individual. except for the person. would non be existent. Therefore. there could merely be one individual in being and that individual is populating this semblance. In fact. I could non be typing this at all.

3. Are at that place any trials by which you can state that you are non woolgathering now? c. Yes. If your life is a dream. so there’s nil in this universe that would convert you otherwise. The universe would be your creative activity. The lone manner to prove if everything was a dream or non would be to decease.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

4. Why does Descartes conclude that there are no certain trials? d. How utile would a trial be if you’re dreaming? If your full life has been a dream. so you wouldn’t cognize what world truly was. Therefore. things like aching yourself. falling. or any other method to wake yourself up wouldn’t work. It wouldn’t work because your dream has become your world.

5. Is Descartes right that you can non doubt your ain being? e. No. people can decidedly doubt their being. However. if they don’t believe that they exist. they would be driven insane.

6. What happens to the belongingss of the wax when you bring it near to the fire? f. When the wax is brought towards a fire. it changes. The olfactory property of flowers vanishes. the colour and form alterations. is no longer difficult or cold. and if you try to strike hard on it. there is no sound.

7. If all these belongingss change. how do we cognize that it is still the same thing? g. It depends on our perceptual experience. Descartes said that perceptual experience isn’t based on yoru senses. but alternatively on “an intuition of the mind” . Since we know the liquid was wax and we know what the construct of “melting” is. we can comprehend the liquid as the new signifier of a one time solid beeswax.

8. What are Locke’s statements against the innateness of these rules? h. John Locke’s statements consist of him stating that if there were any unconditioned rules. they would be universally recognized by every individual individual. Another statement of his is that if there were any unconditioned rules or thoughts. worlds wouldn’t be able to happen these through ground. Last. any unconditioned thoughts that worlds have would be easy discernible from other thoughts which aren’t innate.

9. Could Descartes refute these claims?
i. Descartes would state that there are unconditioned rules and that they’ve been placed in the heads of worlds by an evil God.

10. Is it true that all our thoughts can be traced back to some experience? J. No. non all thoughts come from experience. Reading about something isn’t sing it. but thoughts can come from something that’s been read. seen. or even heard. While many thoughts do come from experience. many others do non.

11. Do we truly non necessitate some cognition with which to construe esthesis? k. Knowledge is needed to be able to construe esthesiss. At our really basic nucleuss. we might be able to state if a esthesis is enjoyable or painful. Whether it is loosen uping or hurtful. Beyond that. nevertheless. farther cognition would be required. Worlds gain that cognition by being nurtured throughout childhood.

12. Has Locke successfully disposed of the philosophy of innate thoughts? l. No. Locke may hold made a strong instance in favour of everything coming from experience. but wouldn’t it be possible for everyone to hold different unconditioned rules or thoughts?

13. What might Descartes state in answer to Locke?
m. Descartes would hold told Locke that he wasn’t existent and so melted some wax.

14. What are the originative powers of the head?
n. Our imaginativenesss are the originative powers of our head. Though. the imaginativeness itself is limited by what we’ve experienced and therefore can non “create” anything that we haven’t experienced through our senses.

15. Which of the undermentioned statements are dealingss of thoughts and which affairs of fact: o. Niagara Falls is an impressive sight
I. This is a statement of relation. What appears to be “an impressive sight” to one may non look to be the same to another. p. A Canis familiaris is a mammal
two. This is a fact. A Canis familiaris is a mammal.
Q. Members of Congress are all politicians
three. This can be both. depending on the person’s definition of a politician. If their definition is person who has political relations as their occupation. so yes. they would all be politicians and it would be a fact. If person sees person who lives through political relations. so they might non all be politicians and this statement would be a relation of an thought. r. Black cats are luckless.



four. This is a statement of relation. There is no grounds of black cats being luckless. s. Cigarettes cause malignant neoplastic disease.
v. This is fact every bit grounds as shown. However. some people might believe this to be nil more than a relation of an thought.

16. Hume believes that has demonstrated the false belief of claiming we know causes. Does this undermine our cognition of natural scientific discipline? t. No. this false belief surely doesn’t undermine our cognition of natural scientific discipline. The full point of a natural scientific discipline is non cognizing how something occurs and so calculating that out. The false belief that Hume pointed out does nil to discourage that from happening.

17. Is an analytic judgement a affair of fact or a relation of thoughts? U. An analytic judgement is a affair of saying the facts. Without the facts. the analytical judgement falls level and fails to make the initial end set out when one made the analytic statement.

18. Are Hume’s affairs of fact analytic of man-made?
v. They are analytic.

19. Kant has tried to salvage our cognition from Hume’s disbelieving onslaughts. Has he been successful in happening a in-between manner between Rationalism and Empiricism? w. Yes. I believe he has.