Frequent leading them to the pursuit of

Frequent exposure to thin-idealized body shapes has altered the perceptions among adolescent women leading them to the pursuit of thinness. Numerous studies have determined that the most common eating disorders, such as Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia, and binge eating disorder affect people of all ages but are most prominent among teenagers (Walden Center, 2015). In the modern world, there has been an increasing body of research that indicate that the prevalence of eating disorders has risen frequently. The onset of eating disorders appear in adolescence or early adulthood. In recent decades eating disorders are considered among the most prominent public health problem that female adolescents and young adults face. The media has a deep influence on teenage girls especially by celebrities who are idolized for their perfect figures. What is normal and ideal to most, is defined as thin which is commonly presented through social media causing young women to send themselves through great lengths just to reach the perfect body type. Eating disorders generally manifest themselves in the young adult female population that weight and dieting concerns have become so pervasive that it is becoming the norm (Stein & Reichert, 1990). Stein and Reichert (1990) studied the ages of possible onset of extreme eating and diet patterns in adolescence. They also reviewed an additional study in 1986 where Davies and Furnham (1986) found that 46% of 12 year old girls had the desire to lose weight, 60% of girls were on “serious” diets at the end of high school, and 30% were dieting just because. It was speculated that the process of dieting is a major factor in the development of an eating disorder. With the desperate desire to become thin, a female may restrict her caloric intake below a minimally healthy level, or choose to purge her body of unwanted calories through vomiting, laxative, diuretic abuse or excessive exercise (Stein & Reichert, 1990). Stein & Reichert conducted a study involving 235 fourth, fifth, and sixth graders from two different elementary schools. In this study, they concluded that girls did not report overeating too much but indicated that they went through extreme measures to avoid unnecessary calories and to rid their bodies of food. About 3.8% of girls admitted that they had vomited at least more than once because of their fear of weight gain. A number of girls were proactive at skipping one or two meals a day to lose weight. Others admitted to self-induced vomiting as a weight loss strategy reported taking diet pills, or secretly throwing away meals to avoid weight gain. 
Latzer, Spivek-Lavi, and Kats (2015) suggest that values that associate thinness with beauty, popularity, happiness, and success, are conveyed through media messages.  These values are powerfully and aggressively portrayed through advertising which circulate from the internet, television, and women’s magazines and are also considered to be a risk factor leading to the development of eating disorders. According to the self-objectification theory (Fredrickson & Roberts, 1997), social messages that emphasize slimness as a beauty ideal may cause women to objectify their bodies and gain the development of eating pathologies, high levels of low self-esteem, and distorted body image (Greenleaf & McGreer, 2006; Noll & Fredrickson, 1998; Prichard & Tiggemann, 2005). Consisting of 248 female adolescents aged between 12 and 19 years in their sample, Latzer et al. (2015) reviewed three types of media that female adolescent widely associated themselves with and found that greater exposure to certain media content is correlated to negative body image and high levels of disorder eating pathologies. Females were at risk as they developed strong levels of poorer body image, lower self-esteem, and the desire to have slim figures.
Higher exposure to television programs such as Gossip Girl and Beverly Hills 90210 was significantly correlated with more eating pathology and poorer body image (Latzer et al., 2015).  Characters in the program represented a ‘Barbie doll’ figure who possess unrealistic features. These television series categorized these type of women as intriguing, competitive, aggressive, manipulative and sexually provocative. Greater exposure to fashion, music, and social networking websites were correlated with negative body image by a significant amount. Disordered eating pathology features included the drive for thinness, dieting behaviors and symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia (Latzer, et al., 2015). It is predicted that social networks appear to function as the main explanation for social pressure exerted on adolescents (Latzer, et al., 2015). The direct and easily accessible communication that is ongoing with others through social networking increase the vulnerability of the individuals. Another type of media that seem to deeply influence adolescents are magazines. The results of the present study regarding magazines support previous information emphasizing that exposure of adolescents to media messages through fashion journals displaying females with a ‘perfect’ shape and appearance are associated with disordered eating pathologies, negative body image, and a drive for thinness (Latzer et al., 2015).
Women come to experience discrepancies between their current and ideal physique which cause them to feel anxiety and shame towards their body and appearance. After experimenting with 361 adolescent females, Dakanalis et al.’s (2014) found that self-objectification amongst women serve as a mechanism which translates the media-ideal internalization into negative body-feelings. Second, they found that body shame and appearance anxiety constitute the mechanisms through which thinking and scrutinizing of one’s own body from an external observer’s perspective contributes to dietary restraint and binge eating (Dakanalis et al., 2014).
Dakanalis et al., (2014) suggest that despite the evidence of the effects of exposure to media-idealized images on viewers’ negative body-feelings and eating disorder symptoms, body image and eating-related disturbances are culturally bound issues that are caused by media’s portrayal of gendered beauty ideals. The most recent and comprehensive analysis of experimental studies demonstrated that media-idealized images have the most harmful and substantial impact on vulnerable individuals regardless of media characteristics (i.e., frequency and length of exposure, media types) (Dakanalis et al., 2014). Women are habitually objectified, meaning they are viewed and treated as a body where appearance and attractiveness are most valued. Sexual objectification is occurring interpersonally through social interactions and media representations of female bodies that equate their worth as a whole. Females analyze themselves to determine whether her image fits the promoted standards of body size and shape. According to the objectification theory, repeated sexual objectification experiences gradually encourage individuals to endorse the unrealistic body shape ideals portrayed in the media (Dakanalis et al., 2014). Subjects value their peer’s perspective on their own bodies and they adapt to view themselves as objects and evaluate their physical appearance. 
Early in life, females are forced to learn and comply with society’s standard of beauty where thinness is pursued while the number of young females who develop eating disorders are increasing. Young women draw their attention to their own self-image and grow to become insecure and obsessive over their weight when they are no where near their desired body type.