George Washington: The Father Of His Country Essay, Research Paper
George Washington: The Father of His Country George Washington was selected as Commander in Chief of the Continental Army in 1775. During the radical war he displayed great military accomplishment as commanding officer of the hastily trained and ill equipped Continental ground forces, taking his military personnels to triumph over a stronger enemy. For his great service to the action both during the Revolutionary war and during the early Republic, he has been called The Father of His State. From 1759 to 1774, Washington managed his plantations ( about 60,000 estates, including his married woman s lands ) and lived the life of a state gentleman. Through land guess, he became one of the wealthiest work forces in Virginia and one of the largest landowners in the state. During this clip Washington was besides a member of the House of Burgesses, Virginia s legislative assembly. Like many plantation owners in Virginia he opposed British ordinances and felt exploited by British merchandisers. Relationss between the settlements and the female parent state continued to deteriorate. After the British Crown dissolved the House of Burgesses in May, 1744, Washington and other legislative assemblies met at the Raleigh Tavern in Williamsburg. Washington was one of Virginians representatives at the First Continental Congress, in Philadelphia, in 1774. There he impressed his co-workers. The Congress petitioned the British Crown for damages of colonial grudges so adjourned. Preparations were undertaken to defy the British of necessary. Washington, who led the Militia of Fairfax County, was placed in bid of other Virginia reserves companies after the conflicts of Lexington and Concord, April 19, 1775, which marked the beginning of the American Revolution. On June 15, 1775, the Second Continental Congress met in Philadelphia ; Washington attended in his uniform, to show his belief that concerted military action by all the settlements was required. Congress nem con elected him commanding general of the Continental Army. Washington took bid of the ground forces, composed of reserves and voluntaries, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on July 3, 1775, and spent several months developing the ill-equipped and ill disciplined military personnels. In March, 1776, he laid besieging to the British fort at Boston and forced General William Howe to evacuate his soldiers from the metropolis. Washington so moved his forces to New York City in effort to split the northern and southern settlements. Washington s scheme for the war, necessitated by the changeless by the changeless deficiency of supplies, well-trained military personnels, and experienced officers, was to continually hassle the British while avoiding major confrontations if possible. After the Continental Army suffered a series of lickings in the New York and Long Island country, Washington managed to withdraw southerly through new New Jersey. The chances weren t really good, nevertheless, for Washington s forces, which numbered about 3,000 work forces. The British menace to Philadelphia was so g
reat that the Congress moved to Baltimore.
Traversing the Delaware in a blinding blizzard on Christmas Eve, 1776, Washington, s military personnels surprised and overwhelmed a British force of Hessian soldier of fortunes at Trenton. A 2nd American triumph at Princeton the undermentioned hebdomad caused the British to retreat all along the Delaware. Washington so set up winter quarters at Morristown, New Jersey. In the summer of 1777, he anticipated a British onslaught on Philadelphia from New York, but the British by sea from the South. Washington rushed his 11,000 military personnels to run into them but was defeated by a superior force of 15,000 British soldiers at Brandywine Creek near Philadelphia on September 11, 1777.In October, Continental troops under General Horatio Gates forced the resignation of General John Burgoyne and some 5,000 British soldiers at Saratoga, New York. This triumph was a turning point in the war because it convinced the Gallic to side with the Americans. Gates success, nevertheless, caused Washington jobs in Congress, where people where oppugning his leading. His enemies in Congress and in the armed forces devised a program in 1777 to hold Gates replace him as Commander in Chief. The secret plan known as Conway Cabal failed because of Washington s overpowering popularity. During the winter of 1777-78 at Valley Forge, Washington s work forces suffered from cold and hungriness, but his intimacy to his military personnels held the ground forces together. At this clip Washington received aid from many European ground forces officers who had volunteered to help the Americans. In the spring of 1778, the American cause was farther strengthened- King Louis XVI of France agreed to come in into formal confederation against the British. In June, 1778, the British evacuated Philadelphia. Washington and his ground forces followed them to Monmouth, New Jersey. In the following conflict to come, Washington s 2nd in bid, Major General Charles Lee, led the onslaught, but so ordered a retreat when the Continentals faltered. Washington rallied the military personnels and saved the twenty-four hours. The British retired to New York, where for the following two old ages Washington kept them sealed in. In the summer of 1781, France sent soldiers, a fleet, and fiscal assistance. With the aid of the Gallic, Washington and his military personnels won an of import triumph over the British at Yorktown, Virginia, coercing the resignation of Lord Cornwallis and his 8,000 work forces, on October 19, 1781. George Washington exclaimed, The work is done, and good done! The American triumph had put an terminal to major violative attempts by the British. However it took about two old ages for a peace pact to be signed. During this period, Washington kept the ground forces in control despite discontent caused by the failure of Congress to supply equal compensation and some suggestions that the military seize the authorities and do George Washington male monarch. After the pact of Paris was signed in September, 1783, he resigned his committee and returned to Mount Vernon. He had refused wage for his services, subjecting merely a statement of his disbursals.