Germany has a diverse range of ecosystems: coastlines along the Baltic and North seas, fertile plains, highlands, forests, and the mountainous Alps in the southern part of the country. Despite being surrounded by an array of magnificent ecosystems and scenery, Germans tend to live in urban areas, around 86 percent of the population living in cities. Also, in the world, Germany has one of the lowest birthrates.With a population of 82,212,327 ( current population based on latest United Nations estimates ), it is the 16th most populated country in the world. Germany is also a very popular country for migrants after United States. Germany was split in two, West Germany and East Germany after the Second World War but ultimately reunited on October 3, 1990.Germany’s climate can be described as a temperate seasonal climate and it is dominated by humid westerly winds. The north and northwest coastal regions have an oceanic climate as the Germany’s climate is controlled by the Northern extension of the Gulf Stream, the North Atlantic Drift.Germany has been facing multiple environmental issues from past few years. The main are due to emissions from coal-burning utilities and industries contribute to air pollution; sulfur dioxide emission causing acid rain which is damaging forests; pollution caused in Baltic Sea because of the raw sewage and industrial effluents from rivers in eastern Germany; hazardous waste disposal; establishment of a mechanism by the government for ending the use of nuclear power by 2022 and working to meet EU commitment to identify nature preservation areas in line with the EU’s Flora Fauna, and Habitat directive.Green PartyGreen party is a formal political party based on the principles of green politics such as environmentalism, social justice and nonviolence. They believe that these issues are integrally related to one another as a foundation for world peace.Similarly, Germany has it’s own Green party named Alliance 90/The Greens. The Greens was founded in West Germany as Die Grunen (The Greens) in January 1980 and Alliance 90 was founded during the Revolution of 1989 – 1990 in East Germany. The main focus of the party is on ecological, social sustainability and economic.After the Green Party was formed and operational, it faced it’s own ups and downs since forever now. It is the policy field in which the Greens have not only the strongest profile and expertise, but also most government responsibilities. Therefore, this report investigates how the Greens use their core competencies to implement policies for an ecologic modernization. It will do so by evaluating existing studies on state policy-making and by highlighting qualitative case studies on energy and transportation policies.The Greens generally are in charge of a state’s environmental ministry, with consumer protection and agriculture coming in second. But interestingly, the Greens also lead ministries for finance, justice, transport, and science and research.Did you know, there are only three policy areas the Greens currently do not cover: European affairs, home affairs, and labor.Germany’s political system is also designed to produce consensus; each party sees most others as a potential coalition partner. Indeed, the Greens are already in coalitions at the state level with 4 other parties, one more than is currently represented in the Bundestag. So the Greens already have experience with every possible federal coalition candidate at the state level. Here is a case study that shows how the Green Party revolutionized and how they created a strong impact on Germany’s every growing eco system!SynopsisOver the last 40 years, all levels of government in Germany have retooled policies to promote growth that is more environmentally sustainable. Germany’s experiences can provide useful lessons for the other nations as policymakers consider options for “green” economic transformation. Our analysis focuses on four case studies from Germany in the areas of energy, urban infrastructure, and transportation. We show how political challenges to the implementation of green policies were overcome and how sustainability programs were made politically acceptable at the local, state, and federal levels of government. Within the points mentioned above, we identify potential opportunities and barriers to policy transfer that the Green party is trying to make for the development of Germany.?