Green Building is really celebrated in advanced state like USA, Australia, Europe, Japan and Korea. These states started to develop green edifice evaluations since 20 old ages ago. However, Malaysia had late launched of Green Building Index ( GBI ) but it is still early phase. This debut signifies a new benchmark for Malaysia edifice and industry.
This research intent is to happen out the execution green constructing enfranchisement in Malaysia. Three chief research aims are addressed: I ) the benefits of green edifice in Malaysia. two ) the barriers of execution of green edifice in Malaysia, and three ) the potency of green edifice development in Malaysia.
Questionnaire has been distributed to the different developer house to acquire respondent ‘s reply. Throughout the studies, the position of advantages of green edifice has been identified. Besides that, the barriers and solutions of implementing green edifice in Malaysia besides have been identified.
A survey on Green Building Certification in Malaysia
1.2 Problem Statement
Green Building is really celebrated in advanced state like USA, Australia, Europe, Japan and Korea. These states started to develop green edifice since 20 old ages ago. However, the recent launch of the Green Building Index ( GBI ) in Malaysia, it is still in the early phase. Due to the ground that green edifice is a new construct in Malaysia, hence, a research was conducted in order to analyze on green constructing enfranchisement in Malaysia.
1.3 Aim and Aims
To analyze the execution of Green Building Certification in Malaysia
The aim is to:
- To find the benefits of green edifice in Malaya
- To find the barriers of execution of green edifice in Malaya
- To place the potency of green edifice development in Malaya
Environmental militants have called us to ‘go green ‘ for old ages. The typhoon that late hit the Philippines and a series of temblors that rocked Indonesia are besides clear indicants that we need to set much more attempt into “ traveling green ” to guarantee Earth ‘s sustainability. Malaysia has late introduced Green Building Index ; it is the first enfranchisement tool. The green evaluation system is to give chance for the developers to plan and build green, sustainable edifice that can supply energy nest eggs, H2O nest eggs, a healthier indoor environment, better connectivity to public conveyance and the acceptance of recycling and verdure for their undertakings.
1.5 Scope of Study
The research survey will be focus on the execution of green constructing enfranchisement in Malaysia. Aware benefits of green edifice, the barriers and how to do it successful and possible of green development in our state. The designed questionnaires will be sent to the company in Malaysia.
1.6 Research Methodology
In order to accomplish the aims, primary and secondary beginning like relevant books, diary, articles, conference paper and newspaper are of import for information aggregation. All these information can be sourced from TARC library and cyberspace web site. Following, the questionnaires will be directing by postal mail, by manus or electronic mail to relevant companies in Malaysia. Figure 1 refers the flow chart methodological analysis for the research.
2.0 Green Constructing Certification in Malaya
This chapter discusses on the definition of green edifice and follow by the benefits of concept green edifice. Then, the followers will discourse about what the green edifice enfranchisement is and what the appraisal evaluation systems in some developed states are.
After that, this chapter besides will briefly present the Malaysia Green Building Index ( GBI ) and besides illustrations of success green edifice in Malaysia. Besides that, the barriers of execution green edifice in Malaysia will be discussed in this chapter.
2.2 Definition of green edifice
There are few definitions for green edifice. The United State Green Building Council ( 2009 ) had defined green edifice is a high acting place that ‘s energy and H2O efficient, has good indoor air quality, uses environmentally sustainable stuffs and besides uses the edifice batch or site in a sustainable mode.
Besides, harmonizing to Thomas ( 2008 ) green constructing refers as a edifice that provides the specified edifice public presentation demands while minimising perturbation to and bettering the operation of local, regional and planetary ecosystems both during and after its building and specified service life.
Harmonizing to Stacey ( 2008 ) , in her article she defines green edifice is a home-building construct that uses design, building and care to make more energy-efficient and environmentally friendly.
By mentioning to The Star Newspaper ( 7 September 2008 ) defines green edifice are designed to salvage energy and resources, recycle stuffs and minimise the emanation of toxic substances throughout its life rhythm, harmoniousnesss with the local clime, traditions, civilization and the surrounding environment, able to prolong and better the quality of human life whilst keeping the capacity of the ecosystem at local and planetary degrees, edifices make efficient usage of resources and have important operational nest eggs and additions workplace productiveness.
So, green edifice can be summarize as besides refers to “ sustainable ” or “ high-performance ” edifice, means holding a significantly reduced impact on the Earth ‘s resources compared to conventional edifice. It is besides means making constructing that is healthier and more comfy for its residents, accordingly heightening productiveness.
2.3 Benefits of Green Building
Green is an chance to utilize natural resources expeditiously while making healthier edifice that improve homo, construct a better environment and supply cost economy. A green edifice are designed to run into certain aims such as protecting occupant wellness, bettering employee productiveness, utilizing energy, H2O and resources more expeditiously and cut downing the overall impact to the environment ( Aysin, 2000 ) .
By mentioning to Freed ( 2008 ) , green edifice offer to assist protect the planet ‘s natural resources. A green edifice has the possible to supply a healthier and more comfy environment, better long-run economic public presentation, integrate energy and H2O efficient engineerings, cut down building and destruction waste, conveying higher resale value and edifice ratings, usage renewable energy to take down the cost of electricity and better indoor air quality and occupant satisfaction. Besides that, all these benefits can salvage long term cost.
Some possible benefits of green edifice can include environmental benefits, economic benefits and societal benefits. These benefits summarized as below:
- Enhance and protecting ecosystems and biodiversity
- Improve air and H2O quality
- Reduce solid waste
- Preserve natural resource
- Reduce operating costs
- Enhance plus value and net incomes
- Improve employee productiveness and satisfaction
- Optimize life-cycle economic public presentation
- Enhance occupant comfort and wellness
- Improve air, thermal, and acoustic environments
- Minimize strain on local substructure
- Contribute overall quality of life
2.4 Green Building Certification
2.4.1 What is Green Constructing Certification?
Green constructing enfranchisements were conceived to help Architect, Engineer, Designers, Builder, Developer and users make to understand the pick that can be do the design of the edifice and to cut down the negative impacts of environment.
2.4.2 What are those available?
As Ting ( 2009 ) notes in his articles, there are more than 100 types of environmental evaluation tool available globally. Green edifice is really celebrated in developed state such as United Kingdom, United State, Australia, Hong Kong and Japan. These states started to develop green edifice since 20 old ages ago. Ding ( 2007 ) named a figure of assessment evaluation systems in some developed states. The below discuss the bing well-known evaluation system.
United Kingdom: Building Research Establishment Assessments Method ( BREEAM )
This Building Research Establishment ( BRE ) Program was created over a decennary ago in United Kingdom to measure the environmental public presentation of both new and existing edifices. BREEAM assesses public presentation of edifices in the countries of direction, energy usage, wellness and comfort, pollution, conveyance, land usage, ecology, stuffs, and H2O. Creditss are awarded in each country based on upon public presentation. Buildings are rated Pass, Good, Very Good, and Excellent. BREEAM can use to offices, places, industrial units, and school.
United States: Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design ( LEED )
LEED is developed by the U.S. Green Building Council. It is consensus-based national criterion for developing high-performance, sustainable edifices. LEED evaluation system are available or under development for new commercial building and major redevelopments ( NC ) , bing edifice operations ( EB ) , commercial insides ( CI ) , nucleus and shell undertakings ( CS ) , places ( H ) , and vicinity development ( ND ) . LEED provides a complete model for measuring edifice public presentation and meeting sustainability ends. Based on tenable scientific criterions, LEED emphasizes state-of-the-art schemes for sustainable site development, H2O nest eggs, energy efficiency, stuffs choice, and indoor environmental quality.
United State: Energy Star
The Energy Star plan is a voluntary authorities and industry partnership that seeks to do it easy for concerns and consumers to salvage money and protect the environment. This plan for Buildings awards a plaque to edifices that achieve a evaluation of 75 or higher and have been professionally verified to run into current indoor environmental criterions. By utilizing the plan ‘s benchmarking tool, a edifice ‘s public presentation on a graduated table of 1 to 100 relation to similar edifices countrywide is obtained.
Hong Kong: Hong Kong Building Environmental Assessment Method ( HK-BEAM )
HK-BEAM is a voluntary system to step, better, and label the environmental public presentation of the edifices. The system has been used on 100 edifices to day of the month. The system applies to both new and existing edifices. In the class of stuffs subjects such as: the efficient usage of stuffs ( edifice reuse ) , choice of stuffs ( renewable and recycled ) , and waste direction ( destruction and building waste ) .
Japan: Comprehensive Assessment System for Building Environmental Efficiency ( CASBEE )
The system is a concerted development of academic, industrial, and authorities bureaus. The system ‘s appraisal tools include a pre-design appraisal tool, a design for environmental tool, an eco-labeling tool, and a sustainable operation and redevelopment tool.
The Eco-Quantum is the lone method that explicitly and comprehensive based on life-cycle appraisal. Asses the environmental load of a complete edifice on the footing of LCA. It besides compares the environmental public presentation of assorted steps refering energy-saving installings, water-saving techniques, stuff pick, design and location. The Eco-Quantum is merely applicable to individual residential edifices.
Australia: Green Star
The Green Star Environmental Rating System for Buildings was created to put a criterion of measuring for green edifices in Australia. The evaluation system is a voluntary national plan that evaluates the environmental public presentation of edifices. Green Star Rating Systems have been developed for commercial edifices merely. Each of the evaluation systems includes the undermentioned classs: direction, indoor environmental quality, energy, conveyance, H2O, stuffs, land usage, site choice and ecology, and emanation. Each class contains credits awarded based on accomplishing the needed degree in the edifice. Creditss in the stuffs class are awarded for supplying storage for recycling waste, reuse of frontage, reuse of construction, shell, and nucleus, recycled content of concrete, recycled content of steel, PVC minimisation, and usage of sustainable lumber.
2.5 Malaysia Green Building Index ( GBI )
After some surveies in different green edifice evaluation strategies around the Earth, Malaysia set up a evaluation strategy to accommodate the local market ; it is called Green Building Index ( GBI ) . Malayan GBI is an environmental evaluation system for edifices developed by Green Building Index Sdn Bhd under the supervising of the Malaysian Institute of Architects ( PAM ) and Association of Consulting Engineers Malaysia ( ACEM ) .The Malaysia GBI was foremost introduced in January this twelvemonth and launched in May 2009. This debut signifies a new benchmark for the Malaysia edifice and industry.
2.5.1 What is GBI?
Harmonizing to Chin ( 2009 ) , the GBI is Malaysia ‘s industry recognized green evaluation tool for edifice and it is intended to advance sustainability in the reinforced environment and raise consciousness among Developers, Architect, Engineers, Planners, Designers, Contractors and Public about the environmental issues and our duty to the future coevalss.
GBI evaluation tool gives an chance for developers to plan and build green edifice that would supply energy nest eggs, H2O nest eggs, a healthier indoor environment, better connectivity to public conveyance and acceptance of recycling and verdure for the undertakings and cut down impact of environment.
GBI will be the lone evaluation tool for the tropical zones other than Singapore Government ‘s GREENMARK. Besides that, GBI is expected to be applied to new edifices in Malaysia.
2.5.2 GBI Rating System
Mentioning to Chen ( 2009 ) , the undertakings or edifice would be assessed and rated based on six keys standards. These standards will be discussed as follow: –
- Energy Efficiency
- Indoor Environmental Quality
- Sustainable Site Planning & A ; Management
- Material and Resources
- Water Efficiency
126.96.36.199 Energy Efficiency
Use of renewable energy, illuming districting and low energy ingestion
188.8.131.52 Indoor Environmental Quality ( IEQ )
Mould and air pollutants bar, thermic comfort, natural lighting. These will affect the usage of low volatile organic compounds-free pigments and formaldehyde-free composite wood, atom boards and plyboard.
184.108.40.206 Sustainable Site and Management
site choice with planned entree to public conveyance, community services, unfastened infinites and landscape gardening, renovation of bing sites and Brown Fieldss ( abandoned land or former industrial sites ) , turning away of environmentally sensitive sites, building direction ( proper earthworks and pollution control ) and storm H2O direction
220.127.116.11 Materials and Resources
Use of environment-friendly, recycled stuffs and sustainable lumber ; storage and aggregation of recyclables ; building waste direction ; and reuse of building formwork
18.104.22.168 Water Efficiency
Rainwater harvest home, H2O recycling and water-saving adjustments Rainwater harvest home, H2O recycling and water-saving adjustments
Advanced design and enterprises
2.5.3 GBI Rating Tools
The evaluation system is comprised of two separate tools, viz. the GBI Residential and Non-Residential severally.
22.214.171.124 GBI Residential
The GBI Residential Rating tool evaluates the sustainable facets of residential edifices. This includes linked houses, flats, condominiums, townhouses, semi-detached and cottages.
This tool places more accent on sustainable site planning & A ; direction, followed by energy efficiency. This serves to promote developers and place proprietors to see the environmental quality of places and their dwellers through better site choice, commissariats of public conveyance entree, increased community services and connectivity, every bit good as improved substructure.
Such accomplishment will assist cut down the negative impact to the environment and make a better and safer topographic point for occupants and the community as a whole. ( Chen, 2009 )
126.96.36.199 GBI Non-Residential
The GBI Non-Residential Rating tool evaluates the sustainable facets of edifices that are commercial, institutional and industrial in nature. This includes mills, offices, infirmaries, universities, colleges, hotels and shopping composites.
Of the six standards that make up the GBI evaluation, accent is placed on energy efficiency and indoor environmental quality as these have the greatest impact in the countries of energy usage and wellbeing of the residents and users of the edifice.
By bettering on the efficiency of active ( mechanical and electrical ) systems every bit good as integrating good inactive designs together with proper sustainable care governments, important decreases in consumed energy can be realised. This can take to a reduced C footmark and besides offers long-run nest eggs for the edifice proprietors. ( Chen, 2009 )
2.6 Green Building in Malaysia
There are some success low energy edifices achieved by Malaysia authorities. They are LEO ( Low Energy Office ) edifice and ZEO ( Zero Energy Office ) .
2.6.1 LEO Building
The LEO ( Low Energy Office ) Building located in Putrajaya, which houses the Ministry of Energy, Water and Communication ( MEWC ) . The LEO edifice demonstrates a complete integrating of the best energy efficiency steps, optimised towards accomplishing the overall best cost or effectual solution, with a targeted energy ingestion of 135 W/m2/year. ( Lim, 2007 )
Danish Agency for Development Assistance ( DANIDA ) and local experts had in cooperation with Malaysia designers and applied scientists optimised the overall design of the edifice and its energy systems for minimal energy ingestion since 2001. ( UNDP, 2006 )
Characteristic of LEO edifice discusses as below: –
- Most of the LEO edifice glazing Windowss installed confronting North and South to minimise heat addition from the Sun radiation before come ining the edifice inside. This means that it can cut down chilling burden.
- The roof has been insulated with 100mm of polystyrene froth and the installing of a 2nd roof provides shadiness to the edifice.
2.6.2 ZEO Building
The ZEO ( Zero Energy Office ) Building is an administration-cum-research office for Pusat Tenaga Malaysia ( Malaysia Energy Centre ) , following the success of LEO edifice which hosted the MEWC in Putrajaya while the ZEO edifice was located in Bandar Baru, Selangor.
By mentioning to PV database ( 2006 ) , the ZEO edifice is a demonstrator edifice which marked another milepost towards greater publicity and acceptance of sustainable edifice construct in the Malaysia edifice sector. ZEO is the lone such edifice in Malaysia that integrates the energy efficiency and renewable energy in one working demonstrator edifice. The ZEO edifice was designed to be really energy efficient, therefore devouring really small fossil fuels with energy index of 65 kWh/m2/year. It was built on a construct which focused on the green engineering invention to minimise energy demand burden, efficient usage of fossil fuel via taking into history the environmental concern, the use of renewable energy but without compromising user comfort and safety. Some of the sum of energy used by the edifice is counter balanced by the sum of energy generated by its ain renewable energy power coevals system.
Harmonizing to Roxul Asia Sdn Bhd ( 2009 ) , the super low energy feature is achieved by utilizing inactive and active energy efficient elements and renewable energy elements as follows: –
- The design of the ZEO edifice merely allows dual glazing Windowss installed on fa & A ; ccedil ; ade confronting north and south. The Windowss are consists of two window glass glass which functioned to filtrate heat from the Sun radiation before come ining the edifice inside. This means that merely cold daytime entered and giving free illuming to the edifices. Besides that, it besides means that unreal electric visible radiation can be turned off during the twenty-four hours hence cut downing the energy burden of the edifice. Almost 100 % lighting demands are from this free beginning.
- The edifice ‘s chilling system is alone because it is a combination of beaming chilling and air convection system. The beaming chilling and ice storage was charge at dark and stored at the floor slabs and ice storage armored combat vehicle severally.
- The full edifice was controlled with a Building Energy Management System where all edifice ‘s system operation is controlled automatically. The system besides functions to supervise all energy ingestion activities and energy coevals in guaranting the edifice operates expeditiously.
2.7 Barriers to green constructing execution in Malaya
The undermentioned points contributed to the deficiency of execution of green edifice in Malaysia.
Lack of cognition sing green edifice
Green is still a comparatively new construct for the building industry in developing states of South-East Asia like Malaysia. Hence the greatest barriers are the deficiency of apprehension of the demand for green design. Many
Fewer developers undertake green edifice undertakings
Many developers are non cognizant of the construct of green edifice and so are of course fewer developers undertake the green edifice undertakings. Besides that, to construct green edifice takes excessively much clip to larn and design.
Client or developer unwilling to pass money because the initial cost is high although has proved that green edifice can salvage long term cost. The green edifice has its monetary value – the costs of green edifice are expensive as comparison to normal edifice.
To supply sustainable, green, or low energy developments is an of import manner forward for Malaysia. Although Malaysia has adopted some of these aforesaid steps but most are still at voluntary phase and needs farther enforcements. All fractions of society from politicians, governments, professionals, NGOs, pedagogues, contractors, developers and the populace at big must take conjunct and fleet actions to portion the duties to prolong our limited resources for future coevalss.
3.0 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
This chapter explains about the method that have been use to transport out this research, in order to accomplish the aim of the research. Alternatively of accomplishing information through primary and secondary beginning like text edition, diary, conference documents, study and questionnaires will be carried out. Then the informations need to be analyzed and presented in a signifier of tabular array, pie chart and graph, so it is easy to understand and readable.
3.2 Research Methodology
The research will travel through several stages: –
- Identify the aims
- Literature Review
- Data Collection
- Method of Analysis
- Example of computation
3.2.1 Identify the aim and mission of the research
GBI is a evaluation tool to advance environment-friendly edifices for the hereafter of Malaysia. Therefore, it is of import to place the of import of green edifice, the troubles and solutions of execution green edifice and besides the potency in the development in green edifice.
3.2.2 Literature Review
Literature reappraisal besides known as secondary informations. Secondary information is a information that we get before a research has been carried out. It is of import to assist us for better understand about the research. The information for the literature reappraisal can be achieve through primary and secondary beginning like text edition, diary, conferences documents, study and questionnaires will be carried out. Based on the literature reappraisal, we can fix for the questionnaire in order to roll up the primary informations.
3.2.3 Data Collection
Procedure of aggregation primary informations is one of the of import stage in achieve the aims of the research. The first measure is to acquire response from the building house such as developer. This method is more practical, easy and the thoughts from the respondent can be easy identified.
Data aggregation procedure started with the readying of questionnaire signifier. It is of import to acquire the response from the respondent. The questionnaire had been directing by station or by manus or electronic mail to the respondent. The questionnaire consists of 5 inquiries which are related to the aims. The principles for each inquiry will be discussed as follows:
- Question 1: Make your company affect in any undertaking which is classified as ‘Green Constructing ‘ ?
- Question 2: In your sentiment, what is the best to turn to the of import of green edifice?
- Question 3: What are the troubles of execution green edifice in Malaysia?
- Question 4: What are the ways to rush up execution of green edifice in Malaysia?
- Question 5: In your sentiment, do you believe Malaysia has high potency in the development of green edifice?
Rationale: The intent of inquiring this inquiry is to find that whether the respondents company had affecting in the green edifice building undertaking. Besides, this inquiry besides can cognize whether in future our state will hold another green edifice or non.
Rationale: This is rated inquiry, is set in likert graduated tables, which respondents demand to reply the inquiry whether is strongly agree, agree, impersonal, disagree and strongly differ. This inquiry is captive to cognize what are the standards is the best to turn to the of import of green edifice in Malaysia.
Rationale: The principle of inquiring this inquiry is to happen out what are the barriers of execution green edifice in Malaysia.
Rationale: The intent of inquiring this inquiry is to happen out the solutions of implementing the construct of green edifice in Malaysia.
Rationale: The intent of inquiring this inquiry is to happen out the hereafter green edifice development in Malaysia whether is positive or negative.
3.2.4 Method of Analysis
After findings have been obtained from the questionnaire studies, an appropriate analysis and presentation of the study consequences will be done in Chapter 4. Basically, two chief types of analysis method are used. They are:
188.8.131.52 Descriptive statistics method
Descriptive statistics are used to research the informations collected and to sum up and depict the informations. They provide simple sum-ups about the sample and the steps. The consequences will subsequently analyse and presented in a signifier of tabular array, pie chart and graph to analyse the response in per centum and this is the simplest method of and it is easy to understand and readable. This type of analysis is used to analyse closed-ended and superior inquiries. ( Naoum, 1997, p103 )
Question other than Question 2 will be analyzed utilizing this method.
184.108.40.206 Using Formula
The mean index is calculated based on the 5-Likert Scale Formula as follows. ( Tam et. al. , 2001 ) The mean index is calculated based on the 5-Likert Scale Formula as follows. ( Tam et. al. , 2001 )
5-Likert Scale Formula
( 5N5 + 4N4 + 3N3 + 2N2 + N1 )
Important Index = — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — –
5 ( N5 + N4 + N3 + N2 + N1 )
N1 = Total respondents taking “ strongly differ ”
N2 = Total respondents taking “ disagree ”
N3 = Total respondents taking “ impersonal ”
N4 = Total respondents taking “ agree ”
N5 = Total respondents taking “ strongly hold ”
This method is peculiarly utile to analyze the ranking or evaluation informations which is usually uses whole numbers in go uping or falling order. The consequences will tabulated into table signifier stated the superior possesses by each option for the inquiry.
In the questionnaire conducted, Question 2 will be analyzing utilizing the said method.
Put merely, the procedure of research methodological analysis utilized can be simplified as shown in the figure below: –
4.0 DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION
The survey focuses on the building house in Malaysia. A set of questionnaires were prepared for the respondents. The respondents were developers. The questionnaires are sent either by postal mail, electronic mail or by manus to the respondents. The questionnaire study takes months for administering and roll uping back from respondents. Unfortunately, most of the building houses concerned do non demo their co-operation in replying the inquiries surveyed, since there are merely 20 transcripts out of 50 transcripts ( 30 by electronic mail, 3 by manus, and 17 by postal mail ) collected back. Therefore, it equals to merely 40 % of the respondents replied to the said study. For cases, bulk of the top direction in the company does non hold clip ( either busy or other personal grounds ) to take portion in the study and usually will command their staff to take over in replying the study questionnaires. Besides, industry weariness and unconcern is so obvious in the sense that they do non pay attending to academic study conducted by pupil even though they have been approached to the doorsill or postal mail attached with return stamped envelope. Chart 1 below shows the feedback from the respondents.
4.2 Result and Analyse
Make your company affect in any undertaking which is classified as ‘Green Constructing ‘ ?
All of the respondents have answer that they are non affecting in any undertaking which is classified as green edifice. This answer clearly to state us that there are no green constructing been concept in Malaysia.
In your sentiment, what is the best to turn to the of import of green edifice in Malaysia?
As shown in Chart 3, 60 % of the respondents agreed that the troubles of implementing the green edifice in Malaysia are deficiency of cognition sing green edifice. 30 % of the respondents have the position that the cost of green edifice is expensive and 10 % of them think that there are fewer developers undertake green edifice undertakings.
60 % of respondents think that deficiency of cognition sing green edifice is the barriers of execution green edifice. Green edifice is really celebrated in other state but non in Malaysia. There is merely few green edifice in Malaysia therefore there were less people know about the importance of building green edifice.
30 % of the respondents in the sentiment that the trouble of implementing green edifice in Malaysia is there is
10 % of the respondents in the sentiment that the trouble of implementing green edifice in Malaysia is there were fewer developers undertake green edifice.
What are the ways to rush up execution of green edifice in Malaysia?
70 % of the respondents agreed that the best manner to rush up the execution of green edifice in Malaysia is holding more advertisement and instruction of green edifice construct. 25 % of the respondents in the sentiment that more developers should set about green edifice undertakings and while 5 % of them choose to present in different carnival.
If more developers undertake the green edifice undertakings which mean there will be more green edifice undertakings launch and therefore more people will acquire cognize about the green edifice.
In your sentiment, do you believe Malaysia has high potency in the development of green edifice?
Chart 5 shows the per centum of answering sentiment about the future potency of green edifice in Malaysia. 15 out of 20 respondents ( 75 % ) think that our state has a good potency in the development of green edifice and 5 out of 20 respondents which is 25 % do non thick that Malaysia has high potency in green edifice development.
75 % of the respondents think that Malaysia has high potency to build green edifice because they know that Malaysia had merely step in green edifice construct and the of import of green edifice. There are some success low energy edifices achieved by Malaysia authorities. They are LEO ( Low Energy Office ) edifice and ZEO ( Zero Energy Office ) .
25 % of respondents think that Malaysia does non hold high potency in green development. It is because those respondents lack of cognition in green edifice. Besides, some respondents think that the cost of green edifice is expensive as comparison to normal edifice.
From the consequences of the questionnaire showed that the execution of the green edifice enfranchisement in Malaysia still in
5.0 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
After making this thesis, all aims which are stated in the chapter 1 are achieved. The aims are as follows: –
- To find the benefits of green edifice in Malaya
- To find the barriers of execution of green edifice in Malaya
- To place the potency of green edifice development in Malaya
By and large, from the consequence of the research, several findings can be reasoning as followers:
- All of the respondent have answer that they are non affecting in any undertaking which is classified as green edifice. This is because the deficiency of promoted by Government or Malaysians.
- Most of the answering sentiment that energy efficiency is the best to turn to the of import of green edifice.
- Majority of the answering sentiment that the chief barriers of implementing green edifice in Malaysia is deficiency of cognition and consciousness sing green edifice construct.
- Most of the answering sentiment that the best manner to rush up execution of green edifice in Malaysia is holding more advertisement and instruction of green edifice is the chief solution. The advertizement can state the people the importance of traveling green.
- Last, most of the answering thinks that Malaysia has high potency in the development of green edifice because they
5.2 Recommendation for farther surveies
They are a few recommendations for farther surveies of Green Building Certification in Malaysia. They are as followers:
- Comparisons between Malaysia Green Building Index with other states.
- Comparisons of energy efficiency between Green Building Index and Singapore Green Mark.
- Comparisons of Green Building Index evaluation tools on commercial and residential edifice.
- Aysin, S. 2000. Sustainable Development in Tall Building Construction. Journal Technology, 33 ( B ) 2000, Pp.25-40
- Chin, M. Y. 2009. Health Check for Malayan Architect. The Star. 4 January 2009
- Chen, T. L. 2009. Green Design Forum Presentation. Viewed on 3 November 2009. Available from:
- Ding, G.K.C. 2007. Sustainable Construction -The Role Of Environmental Assessment Tools, Journal of Environmental Management, Volume 86, Issue 3, February 2008, Pp. 451-464
- Douglas, J. ( 2006 ) . Constructing Adaption. Elsevier Ltd.
- Freed, E. C. 2008. Green Building & A ; Remodelling for Dummies. Wiley Publishing, Inc.
- Lim, K. Y. 2007. Quotes About The LEO Building. Viewed on 2 November 2009. Available from:
- Naoum, S. G. ( 1997 ) . Dissertation Research & A ; Writing for Construction Students. Oxford: Architectural Press.
- PV database. 2006. PTM Zero Energy Office Project Summary. Viewed on 15 October 2009. Available from:
- Roxul Asia Sdn Bhd. 2009. Low Energy Building in Malaysia. Viewed on 29 October 2009. Available from:
- Stacey, M. 2008. Constructing Greener Future. Viewed on 24 October 2009. Available from:
- The Star. 7 September 2008. Green Building. Viewed on 15 October 2009. Available from:
- Thosmas, E. ( 2008 ) . Contractor ‘s Guide to Green Building Construction. John Wiley & A ; Sons, Inc.
- Ting, K. H. ( 2009 ) . Promoting Green Building. The Star. 1 April 2009.