HARYANA: state domestic product was then about

HARYANA:
50 YEARS OF GLORY AND DEVELOPMENT

DEEPAK KUMAR ADHANA

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Research Scholar, Institute of Mgt.
Studies & Research, M.D. University, Rohtak (INDIA)

MAYANK SAXENA

Assistant Professor, J.S. (PG)
College, Sikandrabad, Bulandshahr (INDIA)

ABSTRACT:

Haryana, a small but
dynamic state of North India, completed 50 years of statehood in 2016. Haryana
was created on November 1, 1966 after bifurcating Punjab. The past half-century
has been marked by sustained and significant growth in all fields. Both public
and private sectors have worked really hard to transform Haryana from a
little-known dusty state to one of the engines of growth of the country. In
fact Haryana has moved way ahead of its neighbour in many sectors including industrialization,
corporate investments, urbanization and agriculture.

Haryana’s state
domestic product was then about half of Punjab. Fifty years on, Haryana’s SDP,
at 4 trillion rupees, is 20% more than Punjab, even though the latter is bigger
in size and more populous. Its per capita income is now one and half times that
of Punjab. With 81% of its income sourced from industry and services, Haryana’s
is a more modern economy than its parent state.

The present paper is focused
on the glory and development of Haryana in last 50 years in the field of
Medical, Education, Industrialization, Agriculture, Housing, Tourism and
Electrification. 

KEY
WORDS: GSDP, NSDP, FDI

 

 

 

I. INTRODUCTION:

Haryana is one of the 29
states in India, situated in North India. It was carved out of the former
state of East Punjab on 1 November 1966 on
a linguistic basis.  It
stands 21st in terms of its area, which is spread about
44,212 km2 (17,070 sq mi). As of 2011 census
of India, the state is 18th largest by
population with 25,353,081 inhabitants. The city
of Chandigarh is its capital while the National Capital Region
(NCR) city of Faridabad is the most populous city of the state.

Haryana is one of the wealthiest
states of India and has the 3rd highest per capita income in
the country at 119,158 (US$1,900) in the year 2012–13
and 132,089 (US$2,100) in the year 2013–14, The state is one of the
most economically developed regions in South Asia, and its agricultural and
manufacturing industries have experienced sustained growth since the 1970s.
 Since 2000, the state has emerged as the largest recipient of investment
per capita in India

II. OBJECTIVES AND METHODOLOGY:

The objectives and the
research methodology are as follows:

OBJECTIVES OF STUDY:

The study has been geared to achieve the following
objectives;

1.     
To examine
the trends of economic snapshot of Haryana in terms of GSDP & NSDP

2.     
To highlight the scenario of 
Foreign Direct Investment in
Haryana

3.     
To analyse the trends of major areas
that has shape the development of Haryana

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY:

Type of Research: Quantitative and
Analytical Research

Data: Data from year 1966-67 to 2016-17

Data Collection Method: This study has been
carried out with the help of secondary data only, all the data has been
collected from the various sources such as websites & reports and compiled
as said by the need of the study.

 

III. HARYANA:
50 Years of Glory and Development:

 

 

 

6 Divisions

22 Districts 

72 Sub-Division

 

 

 

93 Tehsils 

50 Sub-Tehsils

140 Blocks

 

 

 

154 Cities

6841 Villages

6212 Village Panchayats

 

The
state is divided into six divisions for administrative purposes: 

Ambala, Rohtak, Gurugram, Hisar, Karnal, Faridabad Within
these there are 22 districts, 72 sub-divisions, 93 tehsils, 50 sub-tehsils and
140 blocks. Haryana has a total of 154 cities and towns and 6,841 villages,
villages’ panchayats 6212. 

Divisions

Districts

Ambala

Ambala, Kurukshetra, Panchkula, Yamuna
Nagar

Faridabad

Faridabad, Palwal, Nuh

Gurugram

Gurugram, Mahendragarh, Rewari

Hisar

Fatehabad, Jind, Hisar, Sirsa

Rohtak

Jhajjar, Charkhi Dadri, Rohtak, Sonipat, Bhiwani

Karnal

Karnal, Panipat, Kaithal

 

 

 

Area and Population

1971

2011

Area in km2

44222

44212

 

 

 

Population in Lakh

100.37

253.53

 

 

 

Male in Lakh

53.77

134.95

 

 

 

Female in Lakh

46.60

118.56

 

 

 

Density in Km2

227

573

 

 

 

Decade Growth rate in %

32.23

19.90

 

 

 

1971

Sex Ratio

2011

867
 

/

879

 

Literacy in %

1971

2011

Male

37.29

84.06

Female

14.89

65.94                                                                              

Total

26.89

75.55

 

Per Capita Income

1966-67

2015-16

Constant Rate in Rs.

343
(taking 1960-61 base
year)

132251
(taking 2011-12 base
year)

Present Rate in Rs.

608

165204

IV.
ECONOMIC SNAPSHOT OF HARYANA:

Between 2004-05 and 2015-16, the state’s gross state
domestic product (GSDP) expanded at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of
12.12 per cent to US$ 75.3 billion. GSDP was US$ 81.4 billion in 2016-17. The net
state domestic product (NSDP) expanded at a CAGR of 11.75 per cent to US$ 71.6
billion between 2004-05 and 2015-16.

Economic
Snapshot: GSDP of Haryana

Haryana’s
gross state domestic product (GSDP) was US$ 81.4 billion over 2016-17.

Source: Directorate of Economics and Statistics of Haryana, Central Statistics
office

Economic
Snapshot: NSDP of Haryana

Haryana’s
net state domestic product (NSDP) was US$ 71.6 billion over 2015-16.

Source: Directorate of Economics and Statistics of Haryana, Central Statistics
office

V. FOREIGN DIRECT
INVESTMENT IN HARYANA:

The
state government of Haryana has been committed to creating a progressive
business environment. The state offers a wide range of fiscal and policy
incentives for businesses under the Industrial and Investment Policy. The state
has attracted Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) equity inflows worth US$ 62.15
billion during the period April 2000 to March 2016, according to data released
by Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP).

VI. A. AGRICULTURE

Agriculture
Production
(in lakh tonnes)

1966-67

2015-16

Food
grains Production 

25.92

163.33

Wheat
Production

10.59

113.52

Rice
Production

3.34

41.45

Sugarcane
Production

51.0

69.92

Oilseeds

0.92

8.67

No.
of Tractors (in Lakh)

0.05

2.80

B. DAIRY DEVELOPMENT

Dairy Development

1966-67

2016-17

Per
capita daily milk consumption (in grams)

357

835

Milk
Plant

1 (1970-71)

6

Daily
production capacity of milk plant

0.50

6.45

C. LIVESTOCK BREEDING

Livestock Breeding

1966-67

2016-17

Intensive cattle
development projects

2

7

Government
veterinary Hospital & Poly clinic

142

946

Government
veterinary dispensary

180

1814

Semen
bank  or Production centre

1

13

D. COOPERATION

Dairy Development

1966-67

2016-17

Sugar
Mill

2

11

Primary
land development bank

11

19

Primary
Cooperative marketing society

59

64

VII. A. MEDICAL
EDUCATION

Medical Education

1966-67

2016-17

No.
of Medical Institutes

1

9

Total
Seats

100

1150

B. EDUCATION

Education

1966-67

2015-16

Primary
Schools

4447

9603

Middle
Schools

735

4050

High
Schools

458

3429

Senior
Secondary Schools

139

3897

Colleges

45

782

Universities
(Central, private, deemed, health, defence and others)

1

40

C. TECHNICAL EDUCATION

Technical Education

1966-67

2016-17

Polytechnic

6

187

Engineering
Colleges

1

140

MBA
Colleges

147

MCA
Colleges

51

BMH
& CT Colleges

7

B.
Pharma Colleges

32

B.
Arch. Colleges

20

Total
Seats

1341

136019

D. INDUSTRIAL TRAINING

Industrial Training

1966-67

2015-16

ITI

41

149

Private
ITI

19

192

Total
Seats

8528

88900

VIII. HEALTH

Health

1966-67

2016-17

Hospital
& Community Centre

56

178

Primary
Health Centre

88

487

Sub-centre

510

2630

Ayurveda,
Yunani & Homeopathic 

143

737

Health
and Medicine Facility

1.90

1082.31

No.
of Bed in Hospitals

3455

4883

IX. A. INDUSTRY

Industry

1966-67

2015-16

Registered
Micro and Mini industries

4519

94780

Medium
& Large scale

162

1710

Export
in Crore

4.50

77210

B. TOURISM

There
are 21 tourism hubs created by Haryana Tourism Corporation Limited, which
are locatedin Ambala, Bhiwani, Faridabad, Fatehabad, Gurgaon, Hisar, Jhajjar, Jind, Kaithal, Karnal, Kurukshetra, Panchkula, Sirsa, Sonipat, Panipat, Rewari, Rohtak, Yamunanagar, Pinjore
Morni Hills, Palwal and Mahendergarh

Tourism

1966-67

2015-16

No.
of Tourism centre

1

42

No.
of tourist arrived in a year (Lakh)

76.92

C. ELECTRICITY

Electricity

1966-67

2016-17

Electrified
Villages

1251

100%

Installed
Capacity in Megawatt

29.42

1153.3

Daily
Electricity availability in Lakh units

15 (2015-16)

1242

Tube
well

20190

613771

Electricity
Consumer (Lakh)

3.12

58.03

Power
Plant

16

D. FOREST

Forest

1966-67

2016-17

Forest
cover area in Km2

1362

2940

Tree
Plantation in a year in lakh

52.28

177

X. A. HOUSING

Housing

1966-67

2016-17

House
Build

500 (1972-73)

85362

Housing
for low income and Backward group

500 (1972-73)

62378

B. TRANSPORTATION

Transportation

1966-67

2016-17

No.
of Buses

475

4234

Bus
Depot

3

100

Depot

3

23

Daily
Covered Distance in Lakh KM

1

12.92

Daily
Passengers in Lakh

0.98

12.36

C. ROAD

Road

1966-67

2016-17

Length
of Roads in Km

5100

39868

Roads
Connecting Villages

1386

100%

D.
METRO

Delhi
Metro connects the national capital Delhi with parts of Haryana state
within NCR, including Bahadurgarh, Faridabad and with Rapid MetroRail
Gurgaon. Faridabad has the longest metro network in the NCR Region consisting
of 9 stations and track length being 14 km. The proposed Chandigarh
Metro plan envisages connecting Panchkula to the state capital.

E. IRRIGATION

Irrigation

1966-67

2016-17

Land
irrigated by canal in Lakh Hectare

13.25

22.52

Tube
Well and pumping set in lakh

0.28

8.80

F. DRINKING WATER

Forest

1966-67

2016-17

Villages
connected with the facility

170

7948

Urban
water supply scheme

37

271

G. SPORTS

Haryana
has always been at the foremost in sports achievement in the past decade. From
the Indian contingent of 81 athletes at the 2012 London Olympics, 18 hailed from Haryana including all the top
boxers and wrestlers, despite the fact that the state has
a share of only about 2% of the national population.  In the 2010 Commonwealth Games, Haryana contributed no less than 22 of the 38 gold medals that
India won (an astounding 60% share).

Sports

1966-67

2016-17

Sports
Complex

1

23

Stadium
in Villages

245

Block
Level Stadium

226

CONCLUSION:

Haryana,
once dubbed a poor cousin of Punjab, has surged ahead of the parent state on
key economic parameters such as average growth rate, per capita income,
industrial boom, fiscal buoyancy, foreign direct investment and even sports. Haryana
has transformed itself from a state only known for its agriculture production
to a state known for well-rounded development.

Other
than above explained development indicator, the state’s achievements have been
remarkable. The plan outlay of Haryana was only Rs. 26 crore at the time of
reorganization of Punjab in 1966, the plan outlay of Punjab stood at Rs. 44
crore. In 2015-16, the plan outlays of Haryana and Punjab stand at Rs. 24,871
crore and Rs 21,174 crore. Gross domestic product (GDP) of Haryana has
increased from Rs. 332 crore in 1966 to Rs. 3.96 lakh crore, and that of Punjab
rose from Rs. 570.69 crore in 1966 to Rs. 3.31 lakh crore in 2015-16.
Similarly, the per capita income of Haryana is Rs. 1.32 lakh per person and
that of Punjab is Rs. 1.01 lakh per person.

In
the end it can be said that the state’s growth and development trajectory has
been progressive since its formation as an independent state. It has set the
example for planned economic development and has emerged as one of the leading
Indian states in terms of per capita income.

REFERENCES

Handa, Devendra (2006). Sculptures from
Haryana: Iconography and style. Indian Institute of Advanced Study.
p. 286. ISBN 81-7305-307-3. Retrieved July 11, 2012.

Journal of Haryana Studies. Kurukshetra:
Kurukshetra University. 2008. Retrieved July 11, 2012.

Harvey, Bill; Harvey, William; Devasar, Nikhil;
Grewal, Bikram; Oriental Bird Club (2006). Atlas of the birds of Delhi and
Haryana, Rupa & Co. p. 352. ISBN 81-291-0954-9. Retrieved July
11, 2012

http://www.hindustantimes.com/columns/haryana-completes-50-years-why-the-state-s-success-is-self-limiting/story-Jtr8TXogUJd7xGdrTFq56M.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haryana

http://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/haryana-take-a-bow-on-50th-anniversary-why-state-has-lot-to-celebrate/story-1uUy5BQ6N5s6a9jcSeVrYK.html

https://www.ibef.org/states/haryana-presentation

https://rbi.org.in/scripts/AnnualPublications.aspx?head=Handbook%20of%20Statistics%20on%20Indian%20States

https://data.gov.in/catalog/industries-indicators-haryana-statistical-abstract

http://haryanaindustries.nic.in/WhyHaryana/Pages/NewEconomicInfrastructure.aspx