INTRODUCTION ties between the two nations and


The 21st century has
seen a rise in power of neighbouring states India and China, both aspiring
to be Great powers of their time. They are both often referred to as the
‘columns’ of the growing global economic scene and are often a subject of
discourse. Since they lie in overlapping territories, they are coming up
against each other crosswise over Asia and its encompassing waters.

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motivation for choosing this topic was to delve into the deeper depths of these
countries’ inter-relations and geo-politics, especially given the latest Doklam
controversy that arose between them. Geopolitics traditionally indicates the
links and causal relationships between political power and geographic space and
since India and China’s border disputes date back centuries, they have now
resulted in a much deeper competition over not only economic rivalry but market
and resource sharing . The Doklam emergency was thus
one of the greatest tests for the Indian government’s strategy since it led to
a significant weakening of ties between the two nations and also gave birth
to possible speculations of an upcoming war between the two atomically equipped
nations. However, post the military standoff in Bhutan, relations have improved
significantly and through this assignment, I look forward to doing more
research into not only the history between the two countries, but also their
impending future.






relations or Indo-China relations, refers to the double-sided relationship
between the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of India. In
spite of the fact that the relationship has been mostly friendly, there have
been a few border disputes and economic rivalry between the two nations.

was in early 1950 that India became one of the first nations to end formal ties
with the Republic of China (Taiwan) and perceived the PRC as the true
government of Mainland China. Apart from being the fastest growing economies in
the world, the two countries are also the most populated nations on the planet.

ancient times, A trade relation between India
and China was flourishing through the ‘Silk Road’ which eventually became the
vital link of Sino-Indian cultural exchanges but at the same time
is credited for encouraging the spread of Buddhism from India to East Asia. During
the nineteenth century, China’s developing opium exchange with the East India
Company set off the First and Second Opium Wars. During World War II, India and
China both assumed a vital part in stopping the advance of Imperial Japan.

and India have had three major clashes — the Sino-Indian War of 1962, the Chola
occurrence in 1967, and the 1987 Sino-Indian skirmish. However, since the late
1980s, the two nations have effectively been on amicable terms. In 2008, China
turned into India’s biggest trading partner and the two nations have then
broadened their economic and military relations. Development in strategic and
financial strength has thus increased the importance of their bilateral relationship.