Intro:What Surveillance Means:Around the world, governments or sanctions of government like the FBI, NSA or RCMP work to keep the citizens safe from terrorists, organized crime, corruption, civil rights violations and cyber crime. They use methods of surveillance such as wiretaps, internet usage surveillance and undercover operations.Forms Of Surveillance:Wiretaps:A wiretap is one of the most simple and also one of the most effective forms of surveillance performed by law agencies. A wiretap is when the phone call is recorded to try and incriminate a person. It used to be a mechanical process, with technicians installing a cable in the circuit but now that phones are digital, it can be done remotely by computer. In canada wiretapping is usually performed only after authorization from the court with probably cause. But it is legal to perform a wiretap without passing it through a court only if there is an imminent threat like a bomb or kidnapping. In the United States recording a phone call is only allowed if both parties on the call consent to the recording. Otherwise a court order must be issued by the United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court. Automated Computer Surveillance:. Automated computer surveillance is used to sift through internet usage and data traffic. There is so much information on the internet there is no way a human could manually surf through it all, that is why they use computers to look through as much data as it can and notify human investigators when the intercepted data is suspicious in activity. Cameras: Cameras are used to watch a certain area or to deter criminal activity (criminals wont act in front of a camera). Cameras used to be expensive and bulky technology and had to be viewed by a human all the time but now they can record and keep the footage. Also motion sensors greatly reduce the amount of footage by only recording when motion is detected. Surveillance Laws:Canada: The CSIS (Canadian Security Intelligence Service) is in charge of collecting and reporting intelligence threats to Canada’s national security. PIPEDA (Personal Information Protection and Electronic Document Act) Was passed in 2004 and was passed to help protect private information that customers give to businesses while getting service. Although PIPEDA protects private information it does allow internet service providers to disclose information to law enforcement agencies when they present the proper warrant. “We must ensure that law enforcement has the necessary tools to catch up to the bad guys and ultimately bring them to justice. Twenty-first century technology calls for 21st-century tools,” Justice Minister Rob Nicholson said with his viewpoint on surveillance laws in Canada.United Kingdom:The UK has its own set of laws similar to Canada’s. RIPA (The Regulation of Investigatory Power Act of 2000) is an extensive surveillance law that includes the use of closed-circuit television cameras or the use of moles during investigations. The law also requires internet service providers to incorporate systems to help the government track and report communications consisting of illegal or threatening content. United States:The United States has perhaps the most open and thorough set of laws to ‘protect’ its citizens. The USA Patriot Act, put into use after the attacks made on the twin towers (Sept. 11th 2001) produced a few changes to the United States and its fight against terrorism. It opened up more ability for the government and its agencies to track confidential information such as financial and medical records. Also it incorporated the use of wiretaps to internet connections.