It is important firstly because it can serve 200000 people daily with prayer, readings, meditation, and free Indian food. It was also the first place to house the original Guru Granth Sahib in 1604, it is also a very popular place to be baptized as a lot of the first people to become Khalsa had it done here, and it is just viewed as a very sacred, holy, and blessed place. My second picture is of the Takht Sri Hazur Sahib. This gurudwara is very sacred and important because it is the resting place of Guru Gobind Singh, and the place he took his last breath. There is a shrine and monument outside of the temple remembering him. It was also the place where Guru Gobind Singh baptized the person who became Banda Singh Bahadur, and he ended up playing a big part in giving the Mughals trouble and starting the fight of liberation for the Punjab. This is a picture of an average Sikh, meditating on the side of the pool at the Golden Temple. This picture is important because I think it really shows how calming it is to be a Sikh, but also how relaxed. This man does not look like someone who will hate you if you sin or follow a different religion, nor like someone who is going to force his beliefs on you. No, he just looks like an average guy, wearing specific clothing and doing a specific kind of rest. So I really think it symbolizes the simplicity of Sikhism.How does Sikhism influence the world then and now? I think that although Sikhism is not a very well known religion, it did make a good impact on the world, and other religions. It was created by Guru Nanak because he did not like the amount of rules, hatred, and fighting that was happening between the two biggest religions in India at that time, Hinduism and Islamic. These two groups always had tension between them, and I’m sure the followers of them were probably unhappy. And then this new religion came around, talking about similar beliefs, just with less hatred, and pressure, and more freedom and acceptance. Guru Nanak said that anyone could join Sikhism, and that anyone who worshipped any kind of God was already a part of it. Like how father, dad, and papa are all the same person, he believed that God, Allah, Ram, Khuda, or Parmeshwar, and any other names, were the same one God. So I think especially when it first came around, a lot of people were impacted by it in the sense that it changed the way most people looked at religion. The Gurus also made it very clear that everyone is equal, and should be treated the same. In my opinion, they made religions seem less like pressuring, forceful, rule based groups, where you all have to be and do exactly what the books say, and have all the same opinions as the prophets, but more like open, peaceful ways of living life wisely, while also putting trust in a power greater than anything else. I think this is true today and in the past. In the present time, I think although they have changed the way many people think about religion, I think they have also had some negative impacts, whether they caused them or not. Because Muslims also wear turbans, and of recent terrorist attacks by Muslim groups, there has been a lot of hatred and discrimination towards people of the Islamic religion. But also towards Sikhs, as many people do not know there is a difference. After 9/11, one of the first doctors to arrive on the scene was a very qualified Sikh doctor. He stayed through the day and night, helping as much as anyone else to save people in the towers. A couple days later as he was walking to the store, people were yelling at him to go back to his country. Even though this is horrible discrimination, I still think it counts as an impact on the world. The way Sikhism is in this day and age has caused a lot of hate crimes towards Sikhs. But I think generally the impact of Sikhs is good, in the present and the past.How did geography influence Sikhism? I don’t think Sikhism was influenced much by geography, for a couple different reasons. First of all, I don’t think the Guru’s biggest concern was spreading their religion everywhere. Especially when it was created, one main idea is that no matter if you call Him Allah, God, Ram, etc, as long as you are worshipping one true God, you can be a Sikh. So since they were basically saying “All monotheistic religions are the same, just ours is nicer”, I don’t think they would have let geography or having to make as many people as possible Sikhs, would have been a concern for them. If you are saying that everyone is pretty much already a Sikh, you would not have put a big effort or thought into trying to force it on to all regions. Also, they did spread pretty far! Across many seas, oceans, mountain ranges, and all kinds of landscapes. I think this is partially because Sikhism is relatively new. It would have been a lot easier to navigate a valley or cross an ocean in 1604 then in the 1st century when Christianity was started, for example. So even if they had wanted to spread a ton, they probably would have had a pretty easy time doing so. So in the end, I think that Sikhism did not want to spread much in the first place. The proof is that if they had wanted, they could have. I think the main thing stopping them from spreading was the popularity of other religions, not their location.