Korematsu topic, the Korematsu vs. United States

Korematsu vs US ScriptInterviewer:Hello everyone and welcome back to Our Heated History. Today we will be discussing the controversial topic, the Korematsu vs. United States case. We will be discussing the overview of the case, meeting with some key people, and seeing the everlasting part this case took place in history. For those of you who are unfamiliar with the Korematsu case, here is a bit of an overview. Interviewer: This case started about 10 weeks after WWII, Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the executive order 9066 in 1942, which required sent the Japanese to internment camps for the possibility of a potential threat. We now have Fred Korematsu to tell us more. Why did you decide to challenge the government in the first place?Fred Korematsu: I decided to challenge the government because I thought the government did not have enough evidence to sign the Executive Order 9066. We should not be judged by our ethnicity. It wasn’t right for the government to believe in half-truths and rumors, instead of digging for the truth. This was showing that our society was okay with racial discrimination.Interviewer: Next question. What are your overall thoughts on order 9066?Fred Korematsu: I think that the order 9066 is way out of authority for the president to assign. The executive order 9066 basically authorizes the removal of any Interviewer: Do you believe that the overall final decision was fair or unfair? Why? Fred Korematsu: I do believe that this decision was unfair because they should’ve taken into account the impact that this would show the people. By the government initiating this order, this shows people that the government isn’t afraid to completely block out a targeted race and disregard the constitution for convenience. Interviewer: What was the final turn out?Fred Korematsu: The final turn out was that I lost in the court and had to go to jail but I payed off the bill with some help. Even though I did, I was still sent to the internment camps. The government seemed to have a firm belief about their opinions that all japanese must live in camps. Interviewer: Thank you for your time Fred.Fred Korematsu : Sure Interviewer: Now we have our next guest, Hugo Black. What part did you play in the Korematsu vs. US case?Hugo Black:My name is Hugo Black and I wrote for the majority, 6 to 3, in the Korematsu vs. US case. This means I wrote the final decision which was taken by the court. Six of the nine judges sided with the government because we believe the nation’s security was more important than the rights promised by the Constitution. Basically, if that didn’t make an sense, i was against Korematsu on the case, as the main judge.Interviewer: Very interesting Hugo, but why have you decided to side with the government and not Korematsu? Do you think that the well being of the people should depend on just the constitution or some instances it is omitted? Hugo: That’s a very good point you brought up Heather. I had to be very controversial because it was the first time the Supreme Court ruled on racial discrimination based on a strict regulation standard. We also care about our citizens’ safety and had to assign the executive order 9066. It was just too risky, the rumors about sabotage are not things that should be taken lightly. It was necessary to protect the people and to rule out any possible danger associated with the Japanese. Interviewer: Thank you for that response Hugo. Now our next guest who will share their thoughts on the case, is Robert Jackson. Robert: Hello, this is the supreme court justice associate Robert Jackson speaking here. Interviewer: Thank you for joining us here today,  now may I ask about your views on the case?Robert: Well Heather, I agreed with Fred Korematsu because the rules in our constitution, are rules that we the people have agreed to and are expected to abide. With order 9066 being placed, this violates Amendment 6 in our constitution. Interviewer: What does amendment 6 got to do with anything Robert? Robert: Well, according to amendment 6, “In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation”, which means the accused  person has the right to ask questions about the accusation. Interviewer: Thank you for that response. Next we have Franklin D Roosevelt, the man responsible for this case hearing. How are you doing today? Roosevelt: I’m very glad to be here Heather. Interviewer: What gave you the idea to initiate executive order 9066?Roosevelt: I did it to protect the country and for our citizen’s well-being. I will do whatever it takes and if someone or something is a potential threat, it has to be monitored. We also wanted to take every possible approach to ensure our citizens safety. Now, we also didn’t want to risk any of our information being leaked to Japan overseas. I was also influenced by john dewik, he Interviewer: Franklin, even though there were many suspicions specifically towards the Japs, why were you not concerned about any other people?Franklin:  You certainly brought up a very interesting point Heather. And i see where you are coming from. But, during that time, there were many rumors being spread about the Japanese being responsible for more cunning acts for the future. I wanted to put things into action ahead of time, just in case they attack. I wasn’t as concerned about other races, because i wanted to specifically focus on the facts of the past, and try to anticipate what that specific county/ethnicity must be up.Interviewer: Alright, thank you Mr. Roosevelt. Now let’s hear what Mr. Owen Roberts has to say.Owen Roberts: Hello I’m Owen Roberts, the Associate Justice of the Supreme Court. Thank you for having me here, I wanted to have a turn to share my thoughts about this case. Interviewer: Great! Now tell me, what do you think of Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s decision?Owen Roberts: I personally think that president Roosevelt’s decision was quite inconsiderate, because even though there were rumors going around about Japanese Americans, but was that a good enough reason for executive order 9066? He did not gather enough facts like what the pearl harbor bombers motive was and the background history of the bombers. So that is why I decided to disagree with the executive order 9066. I also think that it is important to make decisions, but keep our constitution as a reference to our decisions. To completely disregard the constitution was a bad idea ans isn’t setting a good example for  our society. Interviewer: That is an interesting thought. Thank you for your time Owen! Interviewer: (insert question)Frank Murphy: I believe that the internment camps were unreasonable because there were half-truths and rumors that have been directed to Japanese and Japanese-descent by people with economic and racial prejudices.Owen: Of course Heather, happy to be here. Interviewer: We also have Marilyn Patel. What were you thinking when you overturned Fred Korematsu’s case? What was the reason? Marilyn Hall Patel: On Nov 10, 1983, I formally overturned Fred Korematsu’s conviction because a part of the government had purposely concealed or destroyed evidence which had information on Japanese Americans having no threat to the US. This evidence was not present during the case in 1944. Even though I overturned Fred Korematsu’s conviction, the Court’s decision is still the same.     Interviewer: A big thank you to our special guests for coming out today. Now you may be asking yourself, what can we learn from this case? Conclusion: Characters:InterviewerFred KorematsuHugo Black Robert Jackson Franklin D RooseveltOwen RobertsMarilyn Hall Patel