One looked to reinterpret ideals found in

One of Americas and the worlds most
influential and imaginative architects was Frank Lloyd Wright. He worked as an
architect and interior designer during his 70 year career, He has influenced
Modern Architecture with his works. Wright has not only designed approximately
a thousand structures, but he has explored and discovered the ideas of living
space, landscape, and the relationship between architecture and nature. Frank
Lloyd Wright left behind a legacy of beautiful houses and buildings, creating
an American style of architecture,

He created some of the most
monumental and intimate spaces in America. He designed everything banks and
resorts, office buildings and churches, a filling station and a synagogue, a
beer garden and an art museum. Frank Lloyd Wrights life truly was a work of art.
Wright was born on June 8, 1867

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developed his own comprehensive theory of “organic architecture.”
for example : Fallingwater, the house he built over a waterfall, is a key example. But
Wright had a moment career as a collector of and merchant in Japanese square prints, proceeding this commerce until
his passing in 1959 at the age of 91. At times, he
made more money
by offering prints than he
did from architecture.


Though Wright was not the first
to use the term “organic architecture,” he started developing his own idea of definition
early on in his career. His mentor Louis Sullivan was well known for the mantra
“form follows function,” which was famously expanded by Wright to “form and
function are one.”


Wright’s “organic architecture” was
different compared to those who started with it before, he looked to
reinterpret ideals found in nature rather than replicating it. “Study nature,
love nature, stay close to nature, it will never fail you,” he said. Wright’s
organic principles focus on creating relations between the people and the
landscape, his use of new materials such as glass and steel achieved more
expansive spatial relationships, and maintained respect for the properties of
materials. Most important to Wright’s organic architecture was the belief that
architecture has an fundamental relationship with its site and the historic
time in which it has been built.


Path: Kids Blocks to Buildings” was his influence as a young boy. One prominent
architectural idea that Wright had was that organic architecture should be used
to build any structure.






Architect Frank Lloyd Wright and Wright’s Famous
“Falling Water” House



From the opening of the century through to today,
the connection between the work of Frank Llyod Wright and the traditional
architecture of Japan has been a common source of discussion. One of the
factors in maintaining this interest has been the acknowledgment of importance
in Japanese art, and to the woodblock print in particular


His first trip to Japan was in 1905 (this was the only time he was resting
from work), that Wright began to somewhat incorrectly if not without
purpose slowly moved into the nation of becoming one doing profession of japanese prints. there is no doubt that many woodblock persons having great interest naturally take navigate over time in the
direction of becoming an art dealer.


It was In the 1900’s that Frank
Lloyd Wright was interested in the traditional Japanese architecture, The
Japanese design avoided its unnecessary features, but it was minimal and
elegant. The Japanese architecture aims to connect nature and man withing the interior. The simplicity is
shown is hiding the functional Elements and leaving them unnoticed. The interiors that Wright was
designing were forming an enclosed space for creating freedom in the interior and bring
all the areas together, uniting the building. For creating that the architect was reducing the amount
of rooms and increasing the areas of the spaces.


Wright had a lifelong fascination with Japanese art,
the art had a great influence on my feeling and thinking, “When I saw the print
and I saw the elimination of the insignificant and simplicity of vision,
together with the sense of rhythm and the importance of design, I began to see
nature in a totally different way.” He said.

He gathered a significant collection of Japanese ukiyo-e prints on several trips he made to Japan,
beginning in 1905, and significantly between 1917 and 1922, during which time
he was living in Tokyo and working on building the Imperial Hotel there. Back
in the US, Wright sold the Japanese prints to a list of private collectors, and
on multiple occasions exhibited his collection in museums.

Selling the prints, or using them as collateral, was a
financial backup during the periods when his architecture business was slow Wright
alleged that his print dealer in Tokyo, Ky?go Hayashi, had fooled him, and as a
result Hayashi went to prison for a year. It remains unclear if Wright was
involved in the matter; reportedly, the architect was known to add colored
pencil or crayon to the Japanese prints he owned.



woodblock prints


The Phoenix Pavilion, which is a gift by Japan to the City of Chicago in the 1893 World’s
Columbian Exposition,  it importantly
inspired and influenced the work of Frank Lloyd Wright.  To remember the
120th anniversary of this gift, 120 cherry trees were planted in Jackson Park
in 2013.  The meaning was to draw on the park’s history, honor and the ties between Japan and Chicago. The
sculpture and the trees were paid for mostly with private money. There are other
changes being planned that have the potential to radically reshape the park.


This work has expanded to include
the complete revitalization of Jackson Park, including ecological renovation,
the historic Fredrick Law Olmsted plans, a new work by Yoko Ono on the Wooded
Island, an expanded Japanese Garden and a new Music Pavilion and visitor center
by why on the historic music court. The heart concerning the project is driven by the ideals which inspired Frank Lloyd Wright.


Soon after
encountering the Phoenix Pavilion, Wright would begin experimenting with what
he eventually called, “the elimination of the insignificant,” an approach that
would lead him to transform American residential design by focusing upon
principles inspired by Japan rather than formulas found in the West.


Ho –o-den

Ho-o-Den was designed by Masamichi Kuru, a pupil of J. Conder, an English architect. This was one of the first
Japanese traditional structures designed by an architect who studied Western

The Ho-o-Den drew public attention
even while it was still under construction; many people visited the
construction site to see the structure, sometimes interrupting its
construction. After the opening of the international exposition, the Ho-o-Den
was even more highly regarded, and many of the visitors commented that the
structure was exotic and elegant. It is well-known that F. L. Wright was influenced by the Ho-o-Den. In addition to this structure, a tea
store was constructed. All the items used at the store, from furniture to
tableware, were Japanese products carried from Japan, and the store staff members
were Japanese clad in Japanese attire, attracting further public attention.
After the end of the international exposition, however, the Ho-o-Den, as well
as other structures, was destroyed by a fire. Today, the site of the Ho-o-Den
has been converted into a Japanese garden named the “Osaka Garden”
after Osaka, the sister city of Chicago.




Tokyo’s Imperial Hotel, designed by
Frank Lloyd Wright, light streams in through the windows. In 1923 the hotel was
completed and demolished entirely in 1968. The experience, with original floor
below, and glowing geometric columns around, made out of terra cotta and stone,
can be found at Meiji–Mura, an open-air museum
dedicated to preserving architecture in Inuyama outside of Nagoya, Japan.

The Imperial Hotel’s long history
with the famous American architect has not weakened since the demolition of the
structure 50 years ago. Wright’s innovative and intricate design has set the tone
for the style of their current properties. At the Imperial Hotels in both Osaka
and Tokyo, Wright’s geometric stained glass glows behind the Old Imperial Bar
spirit shelves. Columns and panels throughout the hotel both nod to Wright’s
favorite shapes as a tribute to celebrate his legacy.

At the Imperial Hotel in Tokyo, Wright’s influence
is on view throughout. A concrete panel in the lobby serves as a place for
guests to see his work up close and read about his history at the hotel. The
Old Imperial Bar offers the classic cocktails and bar bites that would have
been served in the original hotel as well as the environment fully restored
from the original hotel design. A new cocktail has been added to the Old
Imperial Bar menu called “The Time,” to honor Wright and the hotel’s
history. This elegant drink pairs sweet sake and plum liqueur with Woodford
Reserve bourbon and pickled plums to serve their East meets West legacy in a glass.

Delving into the history of Wright’s
design for the Imperial Hotel, concurrently he was busy trying to make oil
heiress Aline Barnsdall happy during the construction of the Hollyhock
House in Los Angeles. Both the massive
hotel and the luxurious southern California home are examples of Mayan Revival
style. Each structure features elements of symmetry and geometry with opulent
rooms and smaller details along the corridors and in every nook. In Tokyo, the grand
undertaking of the historic hotel also inspired Wright to include massive
volcanic stone carvings in the interior and exterior of the building, terra
cotta grillwork, with giant lighting fixtures.


The ultimate opportunity to
experience how Wright thought about space and form is to go to sleep surrounded
by the shapes and textures of his designs. This one of a kind experience comes
in the form of a luxurious hotel suite at the Imperial Hotel Tokyo. The living
room, formal dining room, and bedroom offer an elegant time machine to the way
he thought about living spaces. This dream destination for architecture fans is
filled with warm woods, geometric patterned carpets, and sculptural lighting
fixtures. It’s a beauty.

Standing inside the dining room
one imagines how living in Wright’s own home maybe have felt. Imagine walking
down the streets of Ginza with intricately shaped gleaming glass buildings, the
most futuristic vistas in Tokyo, then entering the hotel and stepping into the
warmth of the Frank Lloyd Wright suite. This dreamy vision connects present to
past and design to emotion. And in Wright’s case the Midwest to the Far East.







The Falling water ( Image above) was
designed by Frank Lloyd Wright in 1935, was named a masterpiece and regarded as
one of the most famous creations of Wright’s works. Falling water is located in
Pennsylvania, USA, it is a private residence owned by a successful businessmen
Edgar Jonas Kauffman and his family, who chose the natural surroundings for
finding the harmony in their home. Falling water is situated in a country forest,
on top of a waterfall and located high above sea level The architects decided
to place the house on top of the hill, Wright wanted the Kauffman family to
hear the sound of the water every morning, he wanted the waterfall to be a part
of a building and the everyday life of the households .Basically the structure
consist of reinforced concrete slabs overlying each other in the different
levels and directions. The ceilings of most of the rooms are low, for creating
a visual look on the exterior. The most beautiful part of the building are the
long cantilevered terraces which extend the building and connect it with
nature. The main area on the first floor of Falling water is occupied by a large
living room( Image above). It is a flowing interior which is connected to the
kitchen and the hall by the glazed doors and abundant windows, which are also
facing the outdoors terrace and connecting the space with the forest. Frank
Lloyd kept the textures of the walls same inside as the outside, as he also
done in his previous works. Frank Lloyd Wright wanted to avoid the box look in
the interior (Image above) so he decided the glaze the rooms through, to bring
natural light for making the space open and wide. The ceiling, floors and walls
finishes are blending with each other and creating an enclosed space with
minimum interior features. The interior design is based up on the straight
lines of the exterior and the sleek shapes of the furniture.


The concrete cantilevers of Frank Lloyd Wright’s
Fallingwater (as seen above) show important influence from japanese
architecture. Cantilevers is as a form of building similar to bridge that only
anchored to one side of the bridge’s end.This type of building was first
created in ancient Asian castle. So, the existence of this indicated the
influence of Japanese Architecture


Wright had very strong feelings about using the
environment and natural resources to create architecture. He wanted to feel
“one with nature” almost. He also wanted to create architecture that
represented American democracy and provided people with a simple way of living
that brought them closer to nature. I will discuss Wright’s use of organic
architecture and the criticism that he faced and how he overcame it to become
the leading American architect of the twentieth century.


of the most famous and inspiring Wright’s works is the Solomon R. Guggenheim
Museum. Guggenheim is a contemporary art museum. Frank Lloyd, as the most
famous architect of that time, started creating the
Guggenheim in 1943. From the beginning the construction had numerous problems due to the changes in
the design, due to the building regulations, but after years of development in 1956 the building was



building is an outstanding piece of art. In the environment Guggenheim looks
like a tube of rolled paper
which is wider at the top than at the bottom. Guggenheim is a tree levels cylindrical
building manufactured with reinforced concrete blocks. The building has a spiral structure and features large exhibition spaces. The building is wider at the top and is lid by the glazed skylight, which is supported
with steel joints in the inside and outside of the building. The glazed
skylight is visually connecting the interior and the exterior of the Guggenheim.
The Guggenheim is known as a “temple of the spirit”, because of its flowing
shapes and spiritual atmosphere, created by smooth shapes, colours and natural
light. In 1992 a concrete rectangular tower was added to the building, which was designed by Gwathmey Siegel and Associates Architects .The new part is taller than the original Frank Lloyd’s spiral. On the Fig.4 the image
of the hall is illustrating a beautiful skylight in a form of citrus, which is bringing the natural light to the whole
building. The shape of the hall slowly leads the visitors to an exhibition
space where the art works are displayed. The spiral shape is merging of triangles, ovals, circles and
squares, which correspond to the
concept of organic architecture ,and Ziggurat” Babylonian temple pyramid, which
was the inspiration for Frank Lloyd Wright. The three floors of the building are
organized around the central hall and the skylight and are connected by the round shaped walkways,staircases glazed
elevators. The Guggenheim museum looks much different nowadays(image 4), due to restoration, which took part in 1992 by Gwathmey Siegel and Associates Architects. Another renovation
was during 2007-2008,
mostly improved the exterior of the building and the infrastructure. The concrete and
gubite facades were restored,
the skylight, the interior doors and also a climate control was installed. The inclusivity
building regulations up to day
were considering the renovation as well. In addition to the exhibition areas, separate
office spaces are provided,
two restaurants, a bistro, a bookstore and a lecture room, which provides seating for three  hundred people.





One prominent architectural belief that
Wright had was that organic architecture should be used to build any structure. He was
focused the beauty and the principles regarding his works


He rightfully proved to the world that he
was, and always will be, one of the greatest architects to ever live. It is
obvious to see that Wright was one of the greatest architects to live. Just
take a look at the number of things published on Wright and his work alone. We
could all see that Frank Lloyd Wright knew early on that he wanted to become an