Romania: Environment, Crime, and Disease Essay

Romania: Environment, Crime, and Disease

            The different areas play an important role in the situation or condition of the country is usually interrelated with each other. The connection that these have can be seen in events wherein the condition of one part country affects the whole society. This could e exemplified in situations wherein the political stability of the country also affects its economic condition because most foreign investors will not risk their money in a country that has political problems like insurgencies or massive corruption. This kind of circumstances is also applicable in the case of Romania. The environment of the country as well as their crime rate and health situations is affecting the economy and overall development of the country.

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            In relation to this, it is the objective of this paper to identify the relation of Romania’s environment, crime, and disease and how these affect the economy and development of the country. In doing so, the succeeding paragraphs will give an overview about the condition of the country in terms of the aforementioned factors. In relation to this, it will also look at the economic state of Romania and the overall pace of growth of the country. Moreover, it will also analyze how the effects of the country’s environment, crime and disease to its economy and development will come about during the advent of globalization that is currently taking place in the world today. Lastly, it will also give due consideration to the possible implications of the relationship of Romania’ environment, crime, and disease to its economy and growth in the future.

              Romania is regarded as a country that has its own unique feature that makes it different from other countries in the European content. One of its unique feature is the fact that it is very difficult to identify where it really belongs in the map of Europe whether it should be considered as part of Eastern Europe, the Balkans, or Central Europe. Other than its geographic location, Romania also has ceaseless movements of people and values. Due to this, the reaction of Romanians when it comes to foreigners in their country or people with other races also tends to differ. Some of them have the necessary tolerance and acceptance towards the racial differences that they have with some of the citizens of the country. However, there are also those Romanians who are overwhelmed by other races and tend to preserve their indigenous identity as a means of self-defense (Boia and Brown, 2001).   Immigration is a common phenomenon in the country especially since it is considered as the border state of Europe. Being a border state in the European continent does not work well with Romania because it tends to give them problems that they have to seriously deal with.

            One of the most pressing issues that they have to deal with is illegal migration. As a border state, Romania is used by most people coming in the poor areas of Eastern Europe to move to richer countries like the United Kingdom. These people are using Romania as a transit country in order to go to other countries in Europe. In relation to this, even Romanians are also moving to other European countries because of the poverty that they experience in their own country. Despite the fact that Romania is a member of the European Union its condition is not as good as its other neighboring countries (Boia and Brown, 2001).

            In relation to these, Romania’s crime rate is also increasing because of the dire situation of most of its people as well as its geographic characteristic of being a border state. Child trafficking is a pressing dilemma in Romania. Poverty is one of the reasons as to why such crime takes place. In 1991, after the decline of the Ceausescu Regime, people around the world saw the real situation of the country when pictures of scrawny children in the squalor orphanages were seen by the world. About 100,000 children who were abandoned by their parents were featured in these pictures. The world’s awareness of this tragic situation paved the way for European and American families to adopt these poor children. However, this act of kindness of giving these orphaned children a family to stay with was unfortunately taken advantage by other people. Brokers and facilitators emerged that are responsible in making money out of these children. Romanians who engaged in this kind of practice said that sometimes parents choose to abandon their children because they can get a small fortune for selling them (BBC, n.d.).

            It is quite observable that child trafficking is a very serious problem that Romania has to deal with. Romania is among the countries that were badly affected by the fall-out of economic restructuring, social dislocation and conflict. Due to poverty, crime, and corruption many Romanians who are desperate for a better life are becoming more susceptible to various kinds of exploitation. In connection to this, other crimes have also been observable in the country like trafficking of adults into labor, sexual exploitation, people smuggling, and illegal migration (Kane, 2005).

            Romania is also facing another problem when it comes to combating fatal diseases like HIV/AIDS and addressing the reproductive needs of its citizens. The country lacks the necessary health care programs in order to inform the Romanians regarding the proper knowledge about how to prevent and addresses diseases. This is clearly observable in the HIV/STI prevention, which the government recognized as priorities, but in reality, the response to this is almost zero. In terms of the reproductive health of Romanians, most of the family planning services are made by NGOs in partnership with Public Health Directorate. In these situations, it is seen that the Romanian government lacks the necessary action in addressing the health care of its citizens (Iliuta, n.d.).

            In 2000, Romania was reaping its macroeconomic gains after experiencing a three-year recession due to the strong demand in the EU export markets. This development gave way to the emergence of the middle class as well as a means to address the widespread poverty in the country. However, corruption and red tape are still impeding the business environment. In 2007-2008, inflation rose due to the various problems that the country experience like a nation-wide drought, rising energy cost, high wage, and relaxation of fiscal demand. At the last quarter of 2008, Romania’s strong GDP growth marked down due to the global financial crisis. It is also foreseen that economic growth for the country will be much weaker this 2009 (Central Intelligence Agency, 2009).

            The challenges that Romania is facing in terms of the environment of its country, crime rate, and health care condition have an adverse effect to its economy. As a country that is largely dependent upon export and foreign investors, the situation of Romania does not foster a good climate for business. First, the unethical political practices that the country has like red and corruption already discourages some foreign investors in putting their money in the country to establish business. Second, the increasing crime rate in Romania especially illegal migration and trafficking is perceived as security problem that might affect Romania’s economic relationship with other European Union members. Third, the condition of poverty in the country has also forced more people to take part in illegal activities that is disadvantageous for business like creating fraudulent web sites that scam people to give their credit card numbers and SSS numbers. This crime is affecting on-line businesses as consumers are becoming afraid to engage in online transactions (The Dilenschneider Group, 2009). Fourth, the bad condition of health care in Romania also affects their economy and over-all growth because they need a competitive and strong working force in order to move their country forward but unhealthy citizens who lack the proper care cannot accomplish such task.

            During this time of globalization, wherein countries work more closely with each other and everything is interrelated. It cannot be prevented that the problem of Romania will adversely affect other countries as well, which is seen with their illegal migration problem that has negative effects to countries like the United Kingdom. Being the case, Romania has to properly establish the necessary actions in order to address their problems. In order for the country to experience economic growth they should first solve the problem that hinders their full and active participation in the world market.

References

BBC. (n.d.). Intercountry Adoption: Trafficking Children. Retrieved March 21, 2009, from

http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/programmes/global_crime_report/investigation/children1.shtml.

Boia, L., & Brown, J.C. (2001). Romania: Borderland of Europe. Great Britain:

Reaktion Books.

Central Intelligence Agency. (2009). Romania. Retrieved March 21, 2009, from

            https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ro.html.

The Dilenschneider Group. (2009). Economic Turmoil and Crime: What to expect. What to

            Do. Retrieved March 21, 2009, from

http://209.85.175.132/search?q=cache:8OcT00yxDZUJ:www.dilenschneider.com/files/crime.pdf+romania+crime+rate+affecting+economy&cd=1&hl=tl&ct=clnk&gl=ph&client=firefox-a.

Iliuta, C. (n.d.). Situation in Romania. Retrieved March 21, 2009, from

            http://www.undp.org.pl/ppt/Catalina_Iliuta.pdf.

Kane, J. (2005). Child Trafficking – The People Involved: A synthesis of findings from

            Albania, Moldova, Romania and Ukraine. Retrieved March 21, 2009, from

            http://www.humantrafficking.org/uploads/publications/ipec_balkana_05.pdf.