The banned in France and mandated a

The photo above was taken in August of 2016 on a beach in Nice, France. The women seen in the photograph is being forced to remove her burkini, a swimsuit designed to cover everything except for the hands, feet, and face, by french police officers because of a burkini ban that was first created by David Lisnard, mayor of Cannes, in July of 2016. Lisnard stated that the burkini was “the uniform of extremist Islamism” (Micallef). While such a ban would most likely not be able to be passed here in the United States, about 30 towns in France also passed the ban with the Prime Minister supporting the ban. This picture is a representation of racial profiling through France’s burkini ban.The burkini ban in France was a result of previous terrorist attacks that took place in France. Although the burkini ban is not the first of its kind. In 2011 the burqa and niqab were both banned in France and mandated a fine of 150 euros. In 2004 French public schools banned “conspicuous religious symbols” (Micallef) such as headscarves. While the burkini ban was overturned by the French Council of State many of the mayor’s stated they would not follow the court ruling. While many see the ban as “paternalistic, bigoted, and hypocritical” (Micallef) 64% of french citizens stated that they were for the burkini ban with another 30% having no opinion on the matter in a poll taken by BBC. While the burkini is associated to Muslim women it is also worn by a lot of other women. The creator of the swimsuit says that close to 40% of her customers are not muslim as the swimsuit has become popular in Israel and some asian countries for protection against the sun and is nothing short of a wet swimsuit. Per their culture, French people are not as accepting of immigrants which could explain their position on the burkini ban. Immigrants are faced with many difficulties when arriving to their new host nation and one of the biggest difficulties is fitting in. Certain countries tend to be a bit more accepting of immigrants than others. In a study by Kristina Bakk√¶r Simonsen, she found that “settler countries and early democratisers affect immigrants’ belonging in a positive way.” (Simonsen) She states that this is because their values of nationality tend to be more loose and attainable than those of a European Nation. She states that this could be attainted to the fact that citizens were given basic democratic rights early establishing a “commitment to civic principles of national membership.” (Simonsen) Simonsen goes on to state that settler nations view their population as ever growing and “permanently unfinished” unlike European Nations who view their population as completed. European Nations think of their population as a finished project leading them to not be as accepting of immigrants while settler nations think of themselves as descendants of immigrants leading them to be more welcoming of immigrants. We can see this in the photograph through the Muslim women’s social standing. We can see that had the police not been there she would have been far from everyone around her further emphasizing how her culture is not accepted by their culture. Many people believe that the women being forced to remove her burkini is the victim while the police are the monsters but others could argue otherwise. People with a western perspective would see the police as monsters because they are invading the women’s rights while those with a European perspective would think that the real ¬†monster is the women because of their country’s history influencing their perspective. Even though children of immigrants might not have as much trouble as their parents in assimilating and fitting into their hosts nations traditions and practices they are still faced with being accepted by their peers. In a study by Kristin Hissong, she investigated the sense of belonging among Jewish communities in a French controlled Morocco. In her study she found that “feelings of being a minority versus the perception of being among the majority in the educational sphere” appeared to be “highly influential for the participants’ self-identity and sense of belonging” (Hissong). Some of the participants didn’t have to change much to adapt to their peers because they were Jews also while some of the participants were the only Jews among the rest of the children. These experiences helped to shape the participants feeling of belonging. Those who didn’t feel accepted and felt as an outsider “felt their otherness” (Hissong) while those who with positive experiences and exposure to France “regarded themselves as French” (Hissong). In this photograph we can see how there are many vectors pointed towards the women. All of the men and the women wearing shades are all looking at the women making the women to be made a spectacle out of her difference from the rest of the people on the beach. It is easily recognizable that the women is different from the rest of the beach goers because her swimsuit is very different from the rest of them. Another visual element that demonstrates how the women is very different from them is that while they were all wearing dark and black clothing she was wearing a bright blue swimsuit but we notice that as she is removing her swimsuit she is wearing black clothing underneath demonstrating her assimilation into French culture in order to fit in and be accepted by the group of people on the beach. The use of color shows how the women and the beach goers are a part of different groups and emphasizes the women’s difference and her otherness. When people notice and point these differences out to people it causes them to start feeling how different they are from their peers and in turn affects their sense of belong to their host country. Many immigrants leave their home country in order to have a better life and when they are not accepted by their peers it makes it difficult for them to create and feel an attachment to their host country. This makes the beach goers the actual monsters because they don’t take the chance to learn more about the immigrants and make assumptions based on other people. Differences among groups causes monsters to be made out of other groups according to Jeffrey Cohen. In his essay “Monster Culture (Seven Theses)” describes how a monster is made. He argues that cultural movements cause monsters to be created along with differences between groups. French and Muslim culture are very different from each other. The religion they practice along with the traditions and rituals associated with their chosen religion are also very different. It’s not only because of France’s strict secularism that they cannot accept Muslims but because of the previous actions of certain Muslims. Many ignorant people associate Muslims with terrorism but that is not the reality. All societies and cultures have people that have done wrong things but people don’t view their whole group to be just like these bad people. These terrorist attacks that have happened and were carried out by Muslims has caused many people to be wary of Muslims and to view them as terrorist too even if they are upstanding great people. Many times people will allow one person to determine how they view others within that group. Some of the people in the photograph are just standing to the side watching what is happening to the women while some of them are just continuing living their lives as if a women isn’t being forced to remove her swimsuit because it labels her as a Muslim which immediately labels her as a potential terrorist. As can be seen in the photograph there is a vector caused by the women in sunglasses looking at the Muslim women, which draws your attention to the Muslim women. The stares directed towards her make her to look like aThis photograph first appears to be about racism and targeting of Muslims because oftheir religion through their garments but this photograph is about so much more too. The photograph also allows us to think more in depth of the treatment of immigrants in their new country (host country). The history of some countries allow their citizens to be more open minded and accepting of immigrants than others. A country’s stance on acceptance of immigrants also affects how they treat them and how accepted the immigrants feel. Some children of immigrants cannot feel a strong sense of belonging to the country they were born in because they were not accepted by their peers but can feel a sense of belonging to the country their parents were form. On the other hand some children of immigrants feel a strong sense of belonging to their host nation and to the country their parents come from. Our world is quickly becoming smaller and smaller as time goes by. Technological improvements have allowed us to be closer than was ever possible. People are now living and working in other countries but many times struggle with being accepted themselves along with their customs and traditions by their peers.