The coal production and energy generation has

The UK faces a series of choices about
energy. We all require energy to live and our dependence on it cannot be
understated. But how we supply energy and how we use it in the future needs to
change – we need power that is secure, affordable and more than ever we need it
to be sustainable.

At
the moment, most of the UK’s electricity is produced by burning fossil fuels,
which have been recently criticised for being polluting and having limited quantities.  In the UK, we currently utilise mainly
natural gas (42% in 2016) and coal (9% in 2016). A very small amount is
produced from other fuels (3.1% in 2016), principally through Oil – which,
whilst in high demand in certain countries is not utilised to a particularly
great extent in the United Kingdom, due to fluctuating import costs and usage
availability.   However, the volume of electricity generated
by coal and gas-fired power stations alters each year, with some switching
between the two depending on fuel prices. 
Also, it is worth mentioning that coal production and energy generation
has severely reduced in the UK within the last few years, with currently only
eight power stations open – and of those two are expected to close in 2018, one
to reduce, two to convert to biomass (where organic material is used as a fuel for
the generation of electricity), whilst only the other 4 will remain open for
the foreseeable future.   In addition to this, 21% of our electricity
comes from nuclear reactors (usually in which uranium atoms are split up to
produce heat using a process known as fission.) The UK’s nuclear power stations
will close gradually over the next decade or so, with all but one expected to
stop running by 2025. Several companies have plans to build a new generation of
reactors, the first of which could be running by 2018.  EDF energy is pioneering this trend and has
committed to opening three new nuclear power stations in the next few years,
including the highly debated Hinkley Point C power station.  

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