The self rightening effect, directional stability, controlling and turning of vehicle at the will of driver is done by steering system. The turning effort which the driver exerts on the steering wheel is transmitted with mechanical advantage to the axes of the steered wheels.Steering also absorbs a major part of the road shocks to be transmitted to the hands of the driver.Rack and pinion is more precise , has fewer parts,simple and gives the road feel with quick, standard feedback given over other steering systems like a five linkage system,hydraulic steering,and an automated electrical system.TIE RODSThe material we chose is mild steel in which both sides, ball joints are attached.Simulations were done for correct tie rod length and to study bump steer effects such as toe, camber change. STEERING RACK AND PINION SET UPFor the purpose of simplicity and ease of packaging in vehicle’s toe box, the steering system based on rack and pinion mechanism is chosen. Other options included a five-linkage system, hydraulic steering, and an automated electrical system. Since driver’s response was an important consideration while using rack and pinion mechanism, as requested by the driver full turn control within a single steering wheel rotation for operation with wrist control over the four-hour endurance race is chosen. The steer ratio of is selected in order to provide maximum turn angle in both the direction.. Also this steering system is equipped with self-centering ability for the driver’s ease.CORRECT STEERING ANGLE While taking turns, the condition of perfect rolling is achieved if the axes of the front wheels when produced meet the rear axis at one point. This is the instantaneous centre of the vehicle. the inner wheel deflects by a greater angle than the outer wheel. larger the steering angle, smaller is the turning circle.The steering angle of the inner wheel can have a maximum value of about 44 degrees.