The most important goal of knowledge
management is increasing innovation. The major process of knowledge management
is Knowledge sharing that is defined as a process where individuals transfer
knowledge (explicit or tacit) with each other in order to generate a new
knowledge. However, Innovation Capabilities is the firm’s ability to create new
ideas for development of their product and Service to achieve better
organizational performance and sustain competitive advantages. Therefore, this
Study will aim to empirically examine and improve the understanding of the
influence of knowledge sharing on firm innovation.
The data for this study will be
collect via the questionnaire from employees of organizations in developed and
developing countries, include (Germany, Malaysia, Iran, Iraq) with a Minimum of
50 employees. The data will empirically tested using the multiple regression
analysis with the help of SPSS software version 21.
There are some existing studies (Zhining
Wang et al, 2012; Hsiu-Fen Lin, 2007) that examined knowledge sharing
and innovation .Studies conducted by Hsiu-Fen Lin (2007) explored the influence
of individual factors, organizational factors, and technology factors on knowledge
sharing processes and whether more leads to superior firm innovation capability.
The research was conducted on 172 employees of 50 organizations in Taiwan. The
results indicate that two individual factors and one organizational factors have a Significant
influence on knowledge-sharing processes. The results also shows that willingness
of employees to both donate and collect knowledge, empower the organization to develop
innovation capability. Zhining Wang et al., (2012) examines the
quantitative relationship between knowledge sharing, Innovation and performance
by using data collection from 89 high technology organizations in China. The
findings of their study show that both explicit and tacit knowledge sharing
practices facilitate innovation and performance.
Based on the review of the existing
literature on knowledge sharing and firm innovation research area, it was found
that nearly all studies that used the knowledge sharing and firm innovation
have not extensively examined it in a comparative area. Some examined only in
some organization in one country with a same culture.
For instance Cynthia J. Young (2016) examine
the relationship between knowledge management, Innovation, and firm performance
in the U.S. ship repair industry. While the other researchers (e.g Andrew cat ologbo,
2015), did not provide empirical validation. For this reason, this study would
attempt to study influence of knowledge sharing on firm innovation in
developing and developed country, because although
Examining knowledge sharing will help
to explain how knowledge sharing will enhance or discourage their participation
in firm innovation.