Cross-cultural comparing flash card Essay

This article is about the societal scientific discipline. For other utilizations, seeAnthropology ( disambiguation ).

Anthropology

  • Outline
  • History

Types [ show ]

  • Archaeological
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  • Linguistic
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Archaeological [ show ]

  • Bioarchaeological
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[ show ]

  • Applied
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Linguistic [ show ]

  • Anthropological
  • Descriptive
  • Ethnological
  • Ethnopoetical
  • Historical
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Biological [ show ]

  • Anthrozoological
  • Biocultural
  • Evolutionary
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  • Neurological
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  • Palaeoanthropological
  • Primatological

Research model [ show ]

  • Anthropometry
  • Ethnography ( online )
  • Ethnology
  • Cross-cultural comparing
  • Participant observation
  • Holism
  • Reflexivity
  • Thick description
  • Cultural relativism
  • Ethnocentrism
  • Emic and etic

Key constructs [ show ]

  • Culture
  • Development
  • Ethnicity
  • Development ( sociocultural )
  • Gender
  • Kinship and descent
  • Prehistory
  • Race
  • Society
  • Value
  • Colonialism / Postcolonialism

Cardinal theories [ show ]

  • Actor–network / Alliance theory
  • Cross-cultural surveies
  • Cultural philistinism
  • Culture theory
  • Feminism
  • Functionalism
  • Interpretative
  • Performance surveies
  • Political economic system
  • Practice theory
  • Structuralism
  • Post-structuralism
  • Systems theory

Lists [ show ]

  • Anthropologists by nationality
  • Anthropology by twelvemonth
  • Bibliography
  • Diaries
  • Organizations
  • Anthropology portal
  • V
  • T
  • vitamin E

Anthropology/ ? N ? R Eµ E? P E’ cubic decimeter E™ dE’ I / is the scientific survey of worlds, yesteryear and nowadays, [ 1 ] [ 2 ] that draws and builds upon cognition from the societal scientific disciplines and life scientific disciplines, every bit good as the humanistic disciplines. [ 3 ] [ 4 ]

Since the work of Franz Boas and BronisA‚aw Malinowski in the late 19th and early twentieth centuries,societalanthropology in Great Britain and cultural anthropology in the US has been distinguished from ethnology [ 5 ] and from other societal scientific disciplines by its accent on cross-cultural comparings, long-run in-depth scrutiny of context, and the importance it places on participant-observation or experiential submergence in the country of research. Cultural anthropology in peculiar has emphasized cultural relativism, holistic theory, and the usage of findings to border cultural reviews. [ 6 ] This has been peculiarly outstanding in the United States, from Boas ‘ statements against 19th-century racial political orientation, through Margaret Mead ‘s protagonism for gender equality and sexual release, to current unfavorable judgments of post-colonial subjugation and publicity of multiculturalism. Ethnography is one of its primary research designs every bit good as the text that is generated from anthropological fieldwork. [ 7 ] [ 8 ] [ 9 ]

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In Great Britain and the Commonwealth states, the British tradition of Social Anthropology tends to rule. In the United States, anthropology has traditionally been divided into the four field attack developed by Franz Boas in the early twentieth century: biological or physical anthropology ; societal, cultural, or sociocultural anthropology ; and archeology ; plus anthropological linguistics. These Fieldss often overlap, but tend to utilize different methodological analysiss and techniques.

European states with abroad settlements tended to pattern more ethnology ( a term coined and defined by Adam F. Kollar in 1783 ) . In non-colonial European states, societal anthropology is now defined as the survey of societal organisation in non-state societies. It is sometimes referred to as sociocultural anthropology in the parts of the universe that were influenced by the European tradition. [ 10 ]