Ask any individual who is successful in whatever he or she is making what motivates him/her. and really likely the reply will be “goals” . Goal Setting is highly of import to motive and success. So what motivates you? Why are you in college? If you are in college because that’s what your parents want. you may happen it hard to actuate yourself. Certain. it’s possible to win with person else supplying the motive for you. ( “If you graduate from college. I’ll give you a auto! ” or worse “If you don’t alumnus from college. you won’t acquire a auto. ” ) But motive that comes from within truly makes the difference. Theories have been developed over the old ages as to what motivates us and those theories are what I intend to discourse.
Compare and Contrast of Motivational Theories
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
Maslow showed small involvement in animate being or laboratory surveies of human behaviour. He chose alternatively to roll up informations for his theories by analyzing outstanding persons. His surveies led him to believe that people have certain demands. which are unchanging and familial in beginning. These demands are the same in all civilizations and are both physiological and psychological. Maslow described these demands as being hierarchal in nature. significance that some demands are more basic or more powerful than others and as these demands are satisfied. other higher demands emerge.
( “Abraham H. Maslow’s” . 2001 )
Herzberg Hygiene Theory
Herzberg found that the factors doing occupation satisfaction ( and presumptively motive ) were different from those doing occupation dissatisfaction. He developed the motivation-hygiene theory to explicate these consequences. He called the satisfiers incentives and the dissatisfiers hygiene factors. utilizing the term “hygiene” in the sense that they are considered care factors that are necessary to avoid dissatisfaction but that by themselves do non supply satisfaction. Herzberg described incentives as: growing. respect. acknowledgment. duty. promotion and personal ends. Hygienes are: occupation security. working conditions. company policies. colleague dealingss and supervising dealingss. ( McShane & A ; Von Glinow. 2003 )
McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y
Peoples who espouse Theory X would believe that the mean human being disfavors ( all ) work and will avoid it if they can ; that because of this. people must be coerced to set in the needed attempt. offered incentives and threatened with penalty. Theory X goes on to keep that the mean human being seeks to avoid duty. is non ambitious and seeks security before promotion.
Peoples who hold to Theory Y. on the other manus. believe that for most people work is every bit natural as drama ; that people have capacity for self-denial: that motive besides arises from the higher order demands such as self-esteem and achievement and that people. if decently managed. will be more than willing to take on duty. Finally. theory Y holds that people can be originative and squad spirited and that few organisations make usage of the abilities that people have.
Maslow’s theory and Herzberg’s Hygiene theory differ due to peoples demands non altering over clip in Herzberg’s theory. They all three resemble each other in that Maslow’s physiological. safety abd societal demands ; Herzberg’s hygiene factors and all of McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y factors are satisfied through conditions of employment and the workplace.
McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y are two distinguishable types of people where the other two individualize all of the theory factors. Maslow’s is a hierarchy that when one demand is fulfilled others kick in. Herzberg outlines factors that need to be maintained on a changeless footing instead than a hierarchy of one accomplishment to the following.
All of the theories have cogency. but I find that Herzberg’s Hygiene Theory is what I see most at my work or in my field. It is particularly noticed when I look at the dissatisfaction and so look at the hygiene factors and see such a resemblance.