What is E-sansad? What are the benefits of this project and what are the
challenges thereof? Mention the various initiatives taken by Government to
ensure effective e-Governance?
It is a program under Digital
India (e-Kranti – Electronic Delivery of Services). e-Sansad
has a state counterpart as e-Vidhan. This project plans to digitise all
Parliament documents. Union Ministry of
Parliamentary Affairs (MoPA) is
the Nodal Ministry for implementation of both the projects. This is also in
consonance with Go Green Initiative, which will further limit cutting of trees
for making paper. The project will also help in fulfilling the commitments
towards Paris Climate Agreement and Sustainable Development Goals as going
paperless is directly related with Environment Protection.
Benefits of e-Sansad project
Takes Less space and
further storage requirements are reduced.
This project will help in moving towards effective delivery of Goods and
services through e- Governance mechanism. E-sansad project will ensure transparency
and accountability in the Governance Mechanism and a forward step towards a
welfare oriented and citizen centric Democracy.
What is e-Governance?
the application of Information and Communications Technology to government
functioning to create ‘Simple, Moral, Accountable, Responsive and Transparent’ (SMART)
facilitates interaction between different stake holders in governance. The aim
of e-Governance under the National e-Governance Programme is reaching out to
villages in the shortest time, with minimum cost and maximum transparency.
Govt has started
Digital Vans for promoting awareness towards E- Governance. These digital vans are
equipped with Internet and audio-visual facilities. It is an initiative of the
Department of Electronics and Information Technology, and will be implemented
by the National e-Governance Division. To increase awareness among people,
especially youth, about various e-governance services in rural and semi-urban
areas. To reach out to rural citizens for MyGov, digital locker, Aadhaar and
other digital services.
The experiences in e-governance, can be replicated in
e-learning, e-health, e-commerce as well.
Challenges associated with the success of e-Sansad project
Some States have
adopted automation still huge amount of Paper is being consumed in state
departments. So behaviour change is the issue.
How digital/e- Literacy can limit the success of Projects like e-Sansad and
In simple words digital literacy is the skillset which
facilitates the use of devices like smartphones, tablets, laptops and desktop
PCs. People in India are lacking in terms of either devices or the skillset.
And majority of rural India is lacking in Both aspect, as approximately 30% of
Indian population living below poverty line. Since majority of Rural Population
don’t know English while most of the content in the internet is in English this
further limits their accessibility to various electronic services.
What are the various issues with Internet Penetration in India and how they
affect e-delivery of services?
Latest TRAI (Telecom Regulatory of India) Report, which is
one of the most authentic report, stated that Internet penetration in India is
very low. In India 28.77 Internet subscribers per 100 population use internet. Thus,
the question arises if such a huge population is not digitally literate then
how Digital India can prove to be successful.
How Digital Divide is an impediment in Implementing e- Governance in
In India Internet
connections are unevenly distributed. According to the TRAI report urban India has 61.9 Internet subscriptions
per 100 people, while rural India gets by with just 13.7. Delhi alone has 2.2 crore Internet
connections, whereas the entire North East has just 4.3 lakh. This shows the
widespread regional disparity as well as Rural- urban Divide in terms of
Limited success of Digital India
Govt steps taken in the direction of Digital India are not
effective enough. MyGov.in as a platform for citizen engagement in governance, has
remained a limited success. Other initiatives like eSign framework which allow
citizens to digitally sign a document online using Aadhaar authentication has
not seen considerable growth.
What are the various other initiative for the effective e-Governance?
Aim of Digital
India is Spreading of information without barriers. ‘Digital India’ program
envisages that by the year 2019, the 250,000 Indian villages will enjoy
broadband connectivity, and, universal phone connectivity. This programme has
been envisaged by Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY).
Digital India focuses on nine pillars of growth, e-governance: Reforming
Government through Technology, namely Broadband Highways, Universal Access to
Mobile connectivity, e-Kranti-Electronic Delivery of Services, Public Internet Access
Programme, Information for All, Electronics Manufacturing, IT for Jobs and
Early Harvest Programmes.
It is in line with
the vision of Digital India. Components of Digital Village are Providing Tele
Medicine services, Tele Education, Skill Development.
Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (PMGDISHA)
Aim of ‘Pradhan
Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan’ is to make 6 crore rural households
digitally literate by March 2019. If implemented successfully it is expected to
be one of the largest digital literacy programmes in the world. The
implementation of the scheme would be carried out under the overall supervision
of Ministry of Electronics and IT in active collaboration with State/UTs
through their designated State Implementing Agencies, District e-Governance
Society (DeGS), etc.
We must focus on digital literacy and leverage technical
skills to reap the benefits out of an increasingly global, digital and
innovation-driven economy and to ensure the success of projects like e-sansad.